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Explanation of the Hadeeth of Hudhaifah bin Al Yamaan ?We were in a state of Jaahiliyyah? ? by Shaikh Saalih Ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.*All Praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the ‘Aalameen, and may peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.
Indeed, the hadeeth to be addressed in this lecture is the hadeeth of Hudhaifah Bin al Yamaan (radiallaahu ‘anhu). He said:
People used to ask the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) about the good times, but I used to ask him about bad times fearing lest they overtake me. I said: O Messenger of Allaah, we were in the midst of ignorance and evil, and then*Allaah brought us this good (time through Islam). Is there any bad time after this good one?He said: Yes. I asked: Will there be a good time again after that bad time? He said: Yes, but therein will be a hidden evil. I asked: What will be the evil hidden therein? He said: (That time will witness the rise of) the people who will adopt ways other than mine and seek guidance other than mine. You will know (their) good points as well as (their) bad points. I asked: Will there be a bad time after this good one?–
The Fitna (trial) and it’s Reality :
In reality:*Indeed, Allaah pre-decreed and ordained that the creation will be visited by tribulations, trials and tests, in order that the truthful one is distinguished from the hypocrite.*He (Ta’aalaa) said (what means):Alif-Laam-Meem. Do people think that they will be left alone because they say,*”We believe,” and will not be tested.*And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allaah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood) of those who are liars (although Allaah knows all that before putting them to test).*(Al-’Ankabut, ayat 1-3)–
It is not sufficient to only learn about the good; rather one must know about the evil in order to avoid it*:
In this hadeeth reported by the honorable companion Hudhaifah Bin Al Yamaan (radiallaahu ‘anhu) who said:”The people used to ask the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) about the good times.“–*
Hudhaifah said:*“I said: O Messenger of Allaah, we were in the midst of JAAHILIYYAH and EVIL.“
AL-JAAHILIYYAH is derived from al-Jahl (ignorance).*It is an absence of knowledge, and the intent behind it is: the state of affairs before Islaam.*That which took place before the sending of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is Jaahiliyyah, because they (the people) were upon ignorance and misguidance with regards to the affairs of ‘Ibaadah, mu’aamalaat, and with regards to food, drink, marriage and other than that.They were upon ignorance and misguidance due to the long period between ‘Eesaa and Muhammad (i.e. the long period between the departure of ‘Eesaa, ‘alayhis Salaam, and the sending of Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).This was a period of over four hundred years, during which the divine message stopped.*The divine message became obliterated, and ignorance and misguidance became widespread.*The people worshipped idols, trees, stones, false deities, the Jinn, and humans.*They worshipped the Angels, the Awliyaa`, and the Saaliheen, and were upon divergent paths with regards to acts of worship.And with regards to the affair of halaal and haraam, they did not distinguish between good and filth; rather they used to deal with usury.The*Ribaa` Al-Jaahiliyyah*(The Pre-Islamic Usury) was: When they used to settle a debt with a debtor, they would say: either you settle the debt or we increase the debt and double the time it (should be paid).*This was the Pre-Islaamic Usury, and it used to be predominant in their dealings.**And they used to gather wealth through forbidden means, by way of pillage, plunder, robbery, and devouring people’s wealth in falsehood.*
His (Hudhaifah’s) statement: “We were in the midst of ignorance and evil.“What is EVIL?Evil is what the people were upon of shirk, worship of engraved images, eating haraam and other than that of the evil things people used to do before the sending of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
These were the evil things, and then Allaah brought about good (through Islaam).Hudhaifah (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) said: “and then Allaah brought us this good (time through Islam).“
This is an acknowledgement of Allaah’s grace, that indeed goodness (only) comes from Allaah (Jalla-Wa-’Alaa).*He is the one Who guided us.*We cannot recognize THE GOOD through our intellects and knowledge we possess; rather we know that by*what Allaah has brought through the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam),*via*the Magnificent Qur`aan and the Prophetic Sunnah.The truth is not known through the intellects, or through the common habits of (the people), or through blind-following and opinions/concepts; rather it is known through the revelation sent down by Allaah (Jalla-Wa-’Alaa), the revelation that was communicated through the tongue of His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).*So, in this is a rebuttal of those who say that*the people are free to hold onto their views and everyone can say what he wants.*We say: No!*The people are the slaves of Allaah and their intellects and views are deficient (and not protected from error, whereas revelation is Infallible). They must return to the revelation in order to know the truth, and reject falsehood.And his (Hudhaifah’s) statement: “and then Allaah brought us this good (time through Islaam).“And what is ‘GOOD’?'Good’ is Islaam, with regards to what it contains of guidance, knowledge, and the absence of doubts that have pervaded the minds of many people.So, Allaah brought about this Great Good (i.e. Islaam).*This is an acknowledgement of Allaah’s blessing; because blessing only comes to us from Him (Subhaanahu-wa-Ta’aalaa).*Indeed, Allaah did not leave us entirely to the designs of our intellects and views; rather Allaah is the One Who shows us good, and guides us towards it.*He (Ta’aalaa) said to His Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):”Say: If (even) I go astray, I shall stray only to my own loss.*But if I remain guided, it is because of the Revelation of my Lord to me.*Truly, He is All-Hearer, Ever Near (to all things).” (As-Saba’, ayah 50)*He (Hudhaifah) said: “Is there any bad time after this good one?“
This is evidence that indeed the Muslim is not safe from Fitan, even if he is upon knowledge, righteous action and a correct ‘aqeedah.*Indeed, he will not be safe from the callers to misguidance and evil, and for that reason Hudhaifah asked the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), he said:”Is there any bad time after this good one?“This is evidence that indeed evil will come about after good, and these are the trials and tests that Allaah make to come to pass upon the people.*Indeed they (the people) will not continue to be upon one state; rather they will be met with changing circumstances.The human being will not be safe from Fitan and doubts.*He will not be safe from the callers to misguidance -*even if he is upon good, a correct aqeedah and the correct Religion.*He will not be safe along with all this.*That is why Hudhaifah said:*”Is there any bad time after this good one?” He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Yes.“*I said: “Will there be a good time again after that bad time?” He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:*”Yes.”
In this is evidence that*evil will not be continuous, and that the Muslim should wait for solace from Allaah (Subhaanahu-wa-Ta’aalaa).*Allaah (Jalla-Wa-’Alaa) said:”So verily, with the hardship, there is relief.*Verily, with the hardship, there is relief (i.e. there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs).” (Ash-SharH, ayah 5-6)Solace must come about.*He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Know that along with assistance is patience, along with solace is distress, and along with every hardship is relief.” (Ahmad)He (the person) should not lose hope when Fitan and evil increases.*Indeed, he is to be upon tranquility and makes others tranquil when fitnah occurs, and he says: “All Praise is due to Allaah, we are upon guidance and a clear Religion.*Solace is close by and evil will cease to exist by the permission of Allaah.”This is what is incumbent upon THE PEOPLE OF GOOD AND THE SCHOLARS that they have tranquility and make the people tranquil; because this (EVIL) is something that will cease to exist by the permission of Allaah, and solace will come after it.It is not permissible for the person to say: “the people are destroyed.”*This is not permissible; rather he makes the people tranquil, firm upon goodness and expectant of assistance.*For indeed, the good end is for the people of piety.Therefore, no matter how great the evil and fitan is, indeed it will cease to exist.*He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:”There will never cease to be a group of my followers*manifest upon the truth.*They will neither be harmed by those who forsake them nor by those who oppose them til the Order of Allaah (Tabaaraka-Wa-Ta’aalaa)*comes.” (al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)Therefore, Islaam will not cease to continue, Wal-Hamdulillaah.*The Religion and the Qur`aan will not cease to exist until the final appointed time that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) has informed of; that indeed at the end of time the Qur`aan will be taken away from the breasts of men and from the masaaHif (i.e. the copies of the Qur`aan).*The Qur`aan will not remain within the hands of the people; but this will be at the time of the destruction of the world.I (Hudhaifah) said: “Will there be a good time again after that bad time?” He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Yes, but therein will be*Dakhan*(a hidden evil).”*I asked: “What will be the evil hidden therein?” He said: (That time will witness the rise of) the people who will adopt ways other than mine and seek guidance other than mine. You will know (their) good points as well as (their) bad points.“
In this is evidence for (expectation) of solace, and that the person should not despair of the mercy of Allaah.*Indeed, goodness will come after evil.Therefore, the Muslim should neither despair nor lose hope. He has to wait for Allaah’s Solace. However, this has to be accompanied by what one is able to perform of actions, statements, spreading knowledge, calling to Allaah, preaching to them (the people) to have certainty (in the affairs of the Religion), and keeping them away from despair and lack of hope.He (the pessimist) says, “Islaam and the Muslims have vanished, the affair has been ended, and the Religion has been annihilated“…and so forth, of what is uttered.*These are*maqaalaat sayyi`a*(sinful statements).And regarding his (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) statement: “but therein will be a hidden evil.“That is (to say): there would be something of alteration (i.e. things that are not in conformity with the Sunnah and guidance of the Messenger) during that good time. It is a (good time) but there would be something of alteration in it.This is information from the*Saadiq al-Masdooq*(the truthful one, the one who is believed, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).*Indeed, good has occurred along with something of alterations.I (Hudhaifah) said: “What will be the evil hidden therein?”Subhaan-Allaah! This man (Hudhaifah, radiallaahu ‘anhu) (was) precise in putting forward his questions, and Allaah made him utter with his tongue that which is of benefit and education for the Ummah.He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:*”(That time will witness the rise of) people who will adopt ways other than mine and seek guidance other than mine.“*
Meaning: They will have with them affairs that are not (in conformity with the Sunnah and guidance of the Messenger Muhammad).*They (these people) are Muslims and believers who possess goodness,*but they will (also) have with them something of those things that are not (in conformity with the guidance of the Messenger), which will not terminate their Eemaan and Deen,*but it will make it deficient.*Likewise, there would be deficiency (ies) in the worldly affairs.And in the hadeeth: “No time will come upon you but the time following it will be worse than it, til you meet your Lord.“So, they will have with them some things that are in (opposition to the Sunnah and the guidance of the Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and they will seek guidance other than that of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).*They will initiate things in opposition to the Sunnah.*However, it will not be a complete opposition; rather it will be a certain type of opposition.I (Hudhaifah) asked: “Will there be a bad time after this good one?”*He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Yes.’
This is the third time that evil will occur after good, but it will be greater than the first time.*In the first evil (time), the people possessed both good and evil. However, these ones (a particular type of people who will be present during the third occurrence of evil) will be callers to the gates of hell fire.They do not say to the people, “come to the hell fire!!” They say,*”come towards progression and civilization (as opposed to the old lifestyles), towards development and conformity with the nations. Do not remain old-fashioned and rigid.” The meaning of this is: abandon your religion and go along with the people.These ones are callers to the gates of hell fire.*They call them (the Muslims) to desert their religion and affiliate themselves to the disbelievers.*This is the call to the hell fire,*because the hell fire is a promise for the disbelievers.So, they call the people to that which the people of hell fire are upon, from amongst the disbelievers, the idolaters and the atheists.*How numerous are these callers in the Islaamic World today! Wa-laa-hawla Wa-laa-quwwata illaa billaah!Therefore, we must issue severe warning against them.*Why? Because they call us to the hell fire, and Allaah (Jalla-Wa-’Alaa) said about the disbelievers:…Those (Al-Mushrikoon) invite you to the fire, but Allaah invites (you) to Paradise and Forgiveness by His Leave…*(Al-Baqarah, ayah 221)And He (Subhaanahu-wa-Ta’aalaa) said about shaytaan:…He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the fire.
“And O my people!*How is it that I call you to salvation while you call me to the fire.” (Ghaafir, ayah 41)“Whosoever responds to their call, they will throw them into the fire.
“WHOEVER RESPONDS TO THEM -*by complying with, believing and assisting them -*will be thrown into the fire by them.As for the one who does not comply with them, opposes and openly rejects what they are upon,*then indeed they will not harm him.Allaah (Jalla-Wa-’Alaa) said in the Qur`aan:*And verily this is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path.*This He has ordained for you that you may become Muttaqoon (pious).*(Al-An’aam, ayah 153)The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) – whilst explaining this ayah – drew a straight line and said:*”This is the path of Allaah.” Then he drew lines to the left and right (of this straight line) and said:*”These are the other paths, and on every path is a devil calling the people to it.” (Ahmad (1/435), rahimahullaah)This is a depiction of the callers to misguidance, their methodologies and objectives.*It has been thoroughly illustrated for us*that indeed whatever opposes the Straight Path is a path leading to Jahannam. Whoever abandons the Straight Path is heading towards the Jahannam, even if he regards himself “civilized, progressive and open-minded.”
So, I (Hudhaifah) said: “O Messenger of Allaah, describe them for us.”
“Look at these amazing questions from this honorable sahaabi.*
The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) paused, but he (still) asked him, and the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) answered him in detail and with clarity.He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:*”They will be a people having the same complexion as ours and speaking our language.”This is a Calamity!!*Indeed, they are close to us.*They are from our community and country. Had they been foreigners, had they been from America or other than it the affair would have been easy.*However, the problem is that they are the son(s) of so and so.*And it may be that they say, “I am a scholar, and I have with me shahaadaat ‘Ilmiyyah (i.e. proofs/certifications of my being a carrier of knowledge) and I am, and I am…“They are from us and they speak with our tongue.*They are Arabs like us; rather they possess eloquence.*When they write, or deliver a speech, or a lecture, they speak with our tongue just as Allaah said concerning the hypocrites:*And when they speak, you listen to their words.*(Al-Munaafiqoon, ayah 4)They possess eloquence that grabs the attention/overwhelms the listener. The listener listens to them because of their eloquent speech. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:*”Indeed some eloquent speech has the influence of magic.” (e.g., some people refuse to do something and then a good eloquent speaker addresses them and then they agree to do that very thing after his speech). (al-Bukhaaree Vol 7. Hadeeth No: 5146)They speak with our tongue (i.e. the Arabic tongue).*Had they spoken with a foreign language or the language of the Persians, there would not have been inclination towards them.*However, the problem is that when they speak with eloquent speech/good style of speech, the people are lured towards them.*This is from the height of fitnah.Hudhaifah said:*”O Messenger of Allaah, what do you suggest if I happen to live in that time?*(i.e. the time of the callers to the gates of hell)*He said: “You should stick to the Jamaa’ah (the main body of the Muslims) and their leader.
“Therefore, in this is a clarification regarding what the Muslim must do with the appearance of these Fitan and evils that call the people to deviation, decadence agreement with the disbelievers, and abandonment of Islaam and its rulings.Indeed, the Muslim is not deceived by them; rather he stays with the Jamaa’ah of the Muslims.*He sticks to the Jamaa’ah of the Muslims and does not segregate from them, neither by way of opinions and beliefs nor statements.He is not deceived by speech and what is falsely made to seem desirable; rather he looks at what the Muslims are upon.*The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “My ummah will not agree upon misguidance.“I (Hudhaifah) said: “What if they have no (such thing as the) main body and have no leader?”
This honorable sahaabi (Hudhaifah) did not*stop asking the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) questions that has great benefits for the Ummah, (clarified by the Messenger, salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).He (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Separate yourself from all these factions though you may have to eat the roots of trees (in a jungle) until death comes to you and you are in this state.”In this is evidence regarding the abandonment of the groups that are in opposition to what the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) came with, and what the Salaf of this ummah and their Imaams were upon, and what the Jamaa’ah of the Muslims are upon.That is because when the Jamaa’ah of the Muslims is no longer (present or available) – Wa-laa-hawla-walaa-quwwata-illaa-billaah -*and then what should the Muslim do?*He should isolate himself from all these sects, because they are all deviated sects and callers to the gates of hell fire.*He should stick to the Jamaa’ah of the Muslims if he finds them -*and if not -*then isolate yourself even if you are alone.Be firm upon the truth even if you are alone.That is why*['Abdullaah Ibn Mas'ood, radiallaahu 'anhu] said:*”The Jamaa’ah is the one upon the truth even if he is alone.” This is the Jamaa’ah, and the Jamaa’ah is not the numerous groups, rather it the one upon the truth.“Though you may have to eat the roots of trees (in a jungle) until death comes to you and you are in this state.”In this is evidence that what is given consideration are the FINAL ACTIONS.Indeed the one who isolates himself from fitan, stays firm upon the truth, and exercises patience in facing trials until death comes to him in this state,*then indeed he will be from the people of Paradise.*And the one upon whom death comes to whilst he has changed and substituted (the haqq, his deen etc), and followed the callers to misguidance; then indeed he will be from the people of hell fire, Walaa-hawla-wa-laa-quwwata-illaa-billaah.Then the Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan concluded:
These are the little words (mentioned) on this tremendous hadeeth.*It (the hadeeth) clarifies the dangers that are an obstacle to the ummah in their*tareeq*(their path, religion).
We ask Allaah (Subhaanah) by His Greatest Name to Preserve the Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan, and reward him with goodness in this life and the next. And we ask Him (Subhaanah) to keep us safe, and grant us tawfeeq to act on this hadeeth to the best of our ability.Source:*http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=6129**
Posted*by:*Abu Mu’aawiyyah ‘Abdullaah Bin AbuBakr Al Fulaani Al Gambi (hafidhahullaah)
Filed under: Islam, Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan Tagged: hadeeth, Hadith, Hudhaifah bin Al Yamaan http://stats.wordpress.com/b.gif?hos...f=&feed=1
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