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Old 26Mar2008, 09:05 AM   #1
Ibn Shareef
 
Posts: n/a
Thumbs up Tract for Da'wah: Jesus-The Son of Mary







(Remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, All‚h gives you the glad tidings of a Word ["Be!" - and he was! i.e. 'Iesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary)] from Him, his name will be the Messiah 'Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to All‚h." (Qur’an 3:45)

JESUS: THE SON OF MARY<O:p
<O:p

Christianity and Islam are the two largest religions in the world, with Islam being the fastest growing religion in the world as stated by many sources such as CNN World News (April 14<SUP>th</SUP>, 1997), New York Times (October 21<SUP>st</SUP>, 2003), ABC News and Times Magazine.<O:p
<O:p
Surprisingly indeed, both these major religions have a common figure, which is that of Jesus Christ, who has a major significance within the beliefs of both these religions. One may then ask, “what is that significance that Jesus has in these religions?” Christians on one hand, believe Jesus to be the son of God/part of God (trinity)/having attributes of God. Muslims, on the other hand, believe Jesus to be a mighty Prophet and Messenger of God, from amongst a long chain of Prophets and Messengers sent to mankind by God. Ultimately, Christians attribute godhood to Jesus, while Muslims attribute prophethood to him.

<O:pSo then, who is Jesus? God? Or a Prophet of God? What did Jesus himself say he was? Did he call the people to the worship of himself? Or did he call the people to worship God only?<O:p
<O:p
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………

To come to the truth, we must look to the descriptions of both Jesus and God within both the Bible and the Qur’an. However, it is important for the seeker of truth to be sincere and honest while seeking the truth and not to let cultures, emotions or ties come in the way.<O:p
<O:p
The method which will be used to come to know the true call of Jesus, will be by quoting from both the Bible of the Christians and the Qur’an of the Muslims.<O:p
<O:p


Is Jesus God? Son of God? Part of God?<O:p
<O:p
The definition of the Christian Trinitarian Belief is as follows: “…we worship one God in the Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity…for there is one Person of the Father, another of the Son, another of the Holy Ghost is all one… they are not three gods, but One God… the whole three persons are co-eternal and co-equal… (co-substantiality- of the second person of the Trinity with the Father)…he, therefore, that will be saved, must thus think of the Trinity…” (Excerpts from the Athanasian Creed, also known as the Creed of Nicaea, formed in 325 AD)<O:p
<O:p


Co-Equal<O:p
<O:p
John 14:28 “…My Father is greater than I.”<O:p
Mark 13:32 “But of that day and that hour (the final hour) knoweth no man, no not the angels in heaven, neither the son, but the Father.”<O:p
<O:p
Qur’an 112:4 “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.”
<O:p
<O:p
If Jesus and God were equal, then it follows that they will be equal in knowledge. But as we can see, God is greater in knowledge than Jesus.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Co-Eternal<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
God is claimed to have “begotten” Jesus and Jesus is claimed to be the “son of God.” <O:p></O:p>
“Beget” is a verb which implies action. So action must be performed for the thing <O:p></O:p>
to come into being. By this definition, God Almighty is required to have performed <O:p></O:p>
some action and then Jesus came into being. Before God performed this action, Jesus was not (in existence). So this necessitates that Jesus is not co-eternal, since there was a time when he did not exist and God was in existence. This is very simple grade-school logic. However we will still quote the Bible:<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Isaiah 43:11 “... and understand that I am He: before Me there was no god formed, neither shall there be after Me.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Isaiah 44:6 “Thus saith the Lord…I am the First, and I am the Last, and besides Me, there is no god.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 112:3 “He begets not, nor was He begotten.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Co-Substantiality<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Jesus is claimed to have been killed on the cross. If God and Jesus are one substance then did God die also? But then who was governing all of creation?<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Matthew 26:39 “And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, ‘O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as Thou wilt’.” <O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
If God and Jesus are one substance then ONE substance must only have ONE will.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Matthew 27:46 “And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, ‘Eli, Eli, Lama sabachthani?’ That is to say, my God, my God, why has Thou forsaken me?”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
If God and Jesus are one substance then how can ONE substance forsake itself?<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 3:40 “Thus, All‚h does what He wills.”<O:p></O:p>
Qur’an 42:11 “There is nothing like unto Him.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Thus, we see from the viewpoint of the Bible and the Qur’an that Jesus is not described with the attributes of God and that God has described Himself with specific attributes that are unique and belong solely to Him. This can be further demonstrated by looking at the attributes and characteristics of Jesus and the rest of creation, which God has declared Himself free from.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Psalms 121:4 “Behold, He that keepeth <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-comIsrael</st1:country-region></ST1:p shall neither slumber nor sleep.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 2:255 “Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
However, Jesus slept while God never sleeps. God is All-Powerful but how could people spit on Him, crucify Him, as alleged. How could Jesus be God if he worshipped God as any other mortal?<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Luke 5:16 “And he withdrew himself into the wilderness and prayed.” (see John 14:16 and Matthew 26:39 quoted above)<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Numbers 23:19 “God is not a man, that He should lie; neither the son of man, that He should repent.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Jesus was tempted by Satan for 40 days (Luke 1:1-13) but we read:<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
James 1:13 “…for God cannot be tempted with evil.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
It should be pointed out that the Bible from a Muslim point of view is not taken as a complete and accurate source. Muslims believe that the Injeel (Evangel/Gospel) was a true revelation from Allh to Jesus and his true followers, however, by time, it became adulterated by the unscrupulous few and therefore, it is not the word of God. Muslims believe only in the verses of the Bible which are confirmed by the Final Revelation (the Qur’an).<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
It is well-known and even Christian Scholars for years have explained how the Bible (66 books of the Protestants & 73 of the Catholics) contains many errors and contradictions, which is why they now require their followers to have ‘Blind Faith’, which contradicts the Bible itself:<O:p></O:p>
“Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.” (Thessalonians 5:21)<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
The following are just very few verses to show how there are many contradictions in the Bible and that it is not the word of God. The Bible itself states:<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
“For God is not the author of confusion.” Corinthians 14:33<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 5:31 “If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true.” But in:<O:p></O:p>
John 8:14 “Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true.”<O:p></O:p>
Mark 15:25 (Jesus crucified by the third hour), whilst in:<O:p></O:p>
John 19:14 (Jesus not crucified by the sixth hour),<O:p></O:p>
Numbers 23:19 (God does not repent) but in Genesis 6:6 (God repents)<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………….<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Matthew 8:5 (Centurion came in person), though in:<O:p></O:p>
Luke 7:3 (Centurion sent elders of the Jews)<O:p></O:p>
Isaiah 40:28 (God does not faint nor (become) weary), whilst in:<O:p></O:p>
Exodus 31:7 (God rested and was refreshed)<O:p></O:p>
Romans 5:12 (Adam alone was responsible for the ‘original sin’) but in:<O:p></O:p>
Timothy 1, 2:14 (Eve alone, not Adam, was responsible for ‘original sin’)<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
The following verses are commonly quoted by Christians to try and substantiate their claim of the ‘divine trinity’.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 5:7 “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word and the Holy Ghost: And these three are one.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only BEGOTTEN son.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 10:30 “I and My Father are one.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 14:11 “Believe in me that I am in the Father and the Father in me.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Firstly, John 5:7 is universally recognized as being a later “insertion” of the Church; and all recent versions of the Bible, such as the Revised Standard Version and the New Revised Standard Version etc. have all unceremoniously expunged this verse from their pages. Many, like the scripture translator Benjamin Wilson and Dr. Herbert W. Armstrong have commented on this.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Secondly, verse John 1:1 is acknowledged by every erudite Christian scholar of the Bible as the words of another Jew, Philo of Alexandria, who claimed no divine inspiration for them and had written them long before John or Jesus were born (explained in Grolier’s Encyclopaedia). Even though, in Exodus 7:1 “And the Lord said unto Moses, ‘Say, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh.’” the Jews had no difficulty reading such verses while still affirming the Oneness of God.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Thirdly, verse John 3:16, but this fabrication ‘BEGOTTEN’ has been unceremoniously erased by Bible revivers as per their findings in the MOST ANCIENT MANUSCRIPTS. However, mankind did not have to wait 2000 years for this disclosure. Allh says in the Qur’an 19:88-89 “And they say, ‘The Most Gracious (All‚h), has begotten a son (offspring or children)!’ Indeed you have brought forth a terrible, evil thing.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Finally, both verses John 10:30 and 14:11 need to be looked at in their context of the verses previous and after, to ascertain what is meant. To be brief, read for example: John 17:21 “That they (the disciples) all may be one; as Thou, Father art in me, and I in Thee. That they may also be one in us…” Here it says that God and Jesus are ONE, but also the disciples are ONE in Jesus and God. If Jesus is God because he is in God, why are the disciples then not God, as they are all like Jesus in God? If God, Jesus and the Holy Ghost form one unit of Trinity, then with the disciples included they should form a God unit of fifteen (!) Clearly, the literal meaning is not what is intended by such verses. <O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Many people will now complain “but the Bible clearly says that Jesus is the Son of God” and that “Jesus had performed many miracles.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………..<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Well then, how many sons does God have?<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
David is God’s son “Thou art my SON, this day I have BEGOTTEN thee.” Psalms 2:7<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Solomon is God’s son “I will be his Father, and he shall be my son.” 2 Samuel 7:13<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Adam is God’s son “Adam which was the son of God.” Luke 3:38<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Even common people are the sons of God “And will be a Father unto you, and Ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.” (Corinthians 6:18)<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
So you see, ‘son of God’ and ‘begotten son’ signifies love and affection, nearness to God, servants and worshippers of God, not applied to Jesus alone.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Jesus performed many miracles but only with the permission of God. As Jesus himself said, “But if I, with the finger of God, cast out devils.” Luke 11:20 and “I can of mine own self do nothing. John 5:30<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
For those who say that Jesus is the son of God because he had an earthly mother but no father {(male intervention) and so God must be his father}, then does not Adam have more right to be the son of God, as he had no mother or father?<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 3:59 “Verily, the example of Jesus before Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: ‘Be’ and he was.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Nowhere in the Bible does Jesus ever say I am God, worship me!” Rather, we find Jesus rejecting worship for himself.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Luke 9:20 “And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the son of God. And he rebuking them, suffered them not to speak.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Matthew 19:16-17 And behold, one came and said to him, ‘Good master,’…And he said unto him, ‘Why callest thou me good?’ (There is) none good but one, God.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Luke 4:8 “Thou shall worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” <O:p></O:p>
Notice the words ‘him ONLY’<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
So it is clear from the Bible (from what remains of it) and the Qur’an, that Jesus is not God, part of God or the son of God, neither did he call the people to worship himself.<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
So far, this supports the Muslims’ claim that Jesus is not God and that he shares no divinity with God. However, does the Bible also back the Muslims’ claim that Jesus is a Prophet of God?<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Matthew 21:11 “…This is Jesus, the prophet of <st1:City w:st="on">Nazareth</st1:City> of <ST1:pGalilee</ST1:p.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Luke 24:19 “…Jesus of <ST1:p<st1:City w:st="on">Nazareth</st1:City></ST1:p, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 3:2 “The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, ‘Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God.’”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 6:14 “Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, ‘This is of truth that prophet that should come into the world.’”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………….<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
John 17:3 “And this is life eternal, that they might know You, the only true God and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
It becomes clear that the call and message of Jesus is the same as of those who came before him: Moses, John, Elias, Solomon, David, Joseph, Jacob, Isaac, Ishmael, Abraham and Noah etc; and also the same as he who came after him; Muhammad (peace and blessings of God be on them all).<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Matthew 5:17 “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy but to fulfill.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Mark 12:29 “Hear, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Israel</ST1:p</st1:country-region>: The Lord our God is one Lord.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Luke 4:8 “It is written, thou shall worship the Lord thy God, and Him only you shall serve.”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 21:25 “And We did not send any Messenger before you, (O Muhammad), except that We inspired him (saying): L‚ il‚ha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (All‚h)] - so worship Me (Alone and none else)."<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 5:75 “The Messiah ['Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother [Maryam (Mary)] was a Siddiqah [i.e. she believed in the Words of All‚h and His Books]. They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while All‚h does not eat). Look how We make the Ay‚t (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
Qur’an 5:116-117 “[And (remember) when All‚h will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides All‚h?'” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say)… Never did I say to them aught except what You (All‚h) did command me to say: 'Worship All‚h, my Lord and your Lord.'”]”<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
After demonstrating the weakness of the claims of the Church and the authenticity of the Bible, it should be brought to the reader’s attention that there are other false doctrines formulated and taught by the Christian Church such as the ‘Atonement and Original Sin’, the ‘Crucifixion’, the concept of the ‘Holy Ghost’ and the belief of ‘just faith without deeds’…etc, which also, were not from the teachings of Jesus. Again, there still remains within the Bible itself, enough evidence to prove the falsehood of such teachings, however, due to the lack of space; these are topics for another day. Jesus, however, as a prophet, and a sign of a prophet (given by God) being that he prophesizes, did indeed prophesize this:<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
“But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.”<O:p></O:p>
(Matthew 15:9 and Mark 7:7)<O:p></O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
<O:p> </O:p>
email: admin@albaseerah.com<O:p></O:p>
Website: www.salaf.com <O:p></O:p>
<O:p></O:p>

Last edited by Ibn Shareef : 26Mar2008 at 09:12 AM.
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