002 - Soorah al-Baqarah - (The Cow) - [Makkee]

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[002.191] And kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out. And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And fight not with them at Al-Masjid Al-Har‚m (the sanctuary at Makkah), unless they (first) fight you there. But if they attack you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.


[002.192] But if they cease, then All‚h is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


[002.193] And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of others along with All‚h) and (all and every kind of) worship is for All‚h (Alone). But if they cease, let there be no transgression except against Az-Z‚limŻn (the polytheists and wrong doers)


[002.194] The sacred month is for the sacred month, and for the prohibited things, there is the Law of Equality (Qis‚s). Then whoever transgresses the prohibition against you, you transgress likewise against him. And fear All‚h, and know that All‚h is with Al-MuttaqŻn (the pious. See V.2:2).


[002.195] And spend in the Cause of All‚h (i.e. Jih‚d of all kinds) and do not throw yourselves into destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause of All‚h), and do good. Truly, All‚h loves Al-MuhsinŻn (the good-doers).


[002.196] And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]), the Hajj and 'Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for All‚h. But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of sacrifice. And whosoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Saum (fasts) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity Ė feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep). Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the 'Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu' and Al-Qir‚n), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Saum (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid Al-Har‚m (i.e. non-resident of Makkah). And fear All‚h much and know that All‚h is Severe in punishment.




(V.2:191) Al-Fitnah: polytheism, to disbelieve after one has believed in All‚h, or a trial or a calamity or an affliction.


(V.2:191) Narrated Abu Bakrah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] delivered to us a Khutbah (religious talk) on the day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijjah). He said, "Do you know what is the day today?" We said, "All‚h and His Messenger know better." He remained silent till we thought that he might give that day another name. He said, "Isn't it the day of Nahr?" We said, "It is." He further asked, "Which month is this?" We said, "All‚h and His Messenger know better." He remained silent till we thought that he might give it another name. He then said, "Isn't it the month of Dhul-Hijjah?" We replied: "Yes, it is." He further asked, "What town is this?" We replied, "All‚h and His Messenger know it better." He remained silent till we thought that he might give it another name. He then said, "Isn't it the forbidden (sacred) town (of Makkah)?" We said, "Yes, it is." He said, "No doubt, your blood and your properties are sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this town of yours, till the day you meet your Lord. No doubt! Haven't I conveyed All‚h's Message to you?" We said, "Yes." He said, "O All‚h! Be witness. So it is incumbent upon those who are present to convey it (this information) to those who are absent because the informed one might comprehend it (what I have said) better than the present audience, who will convey it to him. Beware! Do not renegate (as) disbelievers after me by striking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 2/1741 (O.P.797)].



(A) Narrated Ibn 'Umar [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhumaa]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "I have been ordered (by All‚h) to fight against the people till they testify that L‚ il‚ha illall‚h wa Anna Muhammmad-ur-RasŻl All‚h (none has the right to be worshipped but All‚h [Subh‚nahu wa Ta'‚la] and that Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] is the Messenger of All‚h), and perform As-Sal‚t (the prayers) and give Zak‚t (obligatory charity), so if they perform all that, then they save their lives and properties from me except for Isl‚mic laws, and their reckoning (accounts) will be with (done by) All‚h." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 1/25 (O.P.24)]

(B) See (V.8:39) and its footnote.


(V.2:195) See (V.2:112).


(V.2:196) Isl‚m demolishes all the previous evil deeds and so do migration (for All‚h's sake) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah). [Al-Lu'lu' wal-Marj‚n, Vol. 1, Ch. 52]. The obligation of performing 'Umrah and its superiority. Ibn 'Umar [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhumaa] said, "Hajj and 'Umrah are obligatory for everybody." And Ibn 'Abb‚s [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu] said, "Umrah is mentioned in conjunction with Hajj in the Book of All‚h [Subh‚nahu wa Ta'‚la]: 'And perform properly Hajj and 'Umrah for All‚h.' " (2:196).


Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "(The performance of) 'Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj MabrŻr (the one accepted by All‚h) is nothing except Paradise." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 3/1773 (O.P.1)].


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