002 - Soorah al-Baqarah - (The Cow) - [Makkee]
[002.238] Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawât (the prayers) especially the middle Salât (i.e. the best prayer - 'Asr). And stand before Allâh with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salât (prayers)].
[002.239] And if you fear (an enemy), perform Salât (pray) on foot or riding. And when you are in safety, offer the Salât (prayer) in the manner He has taught you, which you knew not (before).
[002.240] And those of you who die and leave behind wives should bequeath for their wives a year's maintenance and residence without turning them out, but if they (wives) leave, there is no sin on you for that which they do of themselves, provided it is honourable (e.g. lawful marriage). And Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
[002.241] And for divorced women, maintenance (should be provided) on reasonable (scale). This is a duty on Al-Muttaqűn (the pious. See V.2:2).
[002.242] Thus Allâh makes clear His Ayât (Laws) to you, in order that you may understand.
[002.243] Did you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) not think of those who went forth from their homes in thousands, fearing death? Allâh said to them, "Die." And then He restored them to life. Truly, Allâh is full of bounty to mankind, but most men thank not.
[002.244] And fight in the way of Allâh and know that Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
[002.245] Who is he that will lend to Allâh a goodly loan so that He may multiply it to him many times? And it is Allâh that decreases or increases (your provisions), and to Him you shall return.
(V.2:238) Chapter 13. Abandoning of As-Salât (prayers) is disbelief.
a) Narrated Jâbir bin 'Abdullâh [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: I heard Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] saying, "Verily, between a man (i.e., a Muslim, believer of Islamic Monotheism) and between Ash-Shirk (polytheism) and Al-Kufr (disbelief) is the abandoning of As-Salât (prayers)." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 82 (S.S.M. 204)]
b) The sin of one who misses the 'Asr prayer (intentionally):*
Narrated Ibn 'Umar [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhumaa]: Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Whoever misses the 'Asr prayer (intentionally), then it is as if he lost his family and property."
[Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 1/552 (O.P.527)].
c) One who omits (does not offer) the 'Asr prayer (intentionally):*
Narrated Abul-Malîh: We were with Buraidah in a battle on a cloudy day and he said, "Offer the 'Asr prayer early as the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, 'Whoever omits the 'Asr prayer, all his (good) deeds will be lost."'
[Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 1/553 (O.P.528)]
* i.e. the one who omits (does not offer) the 'Asr prayer intentionally until its stated time is over and if he prays after that time, then it is useless.
(V.2:239) Narrated Sâlih Khawwat or Sahl bin Abu Hathmah concerning those who witnessed the Fear Prayer that was performed in the battle of Dhat-ur-Riqa' in the company of Allâh's Messenger : One batch lined up behind him while another batch (lined up) facing the enemy. The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] led the batch that was with him in one Rak'ah, and he stayed in the standing posture while that batch completed their (two Rak'at) prayer by themselves and went away, lining in the face of the enemy, while the other batch came and he (i.e. the Prophet ) offered his remaining Rak'ah with them, and then, kept on sitting till they completed their prayer by themselves, and he then finished his prayer with Taslîm along with them. [Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 5/4129 (O.P.451)].
(V.2:240) The provision of this Verse has been abrogated by Verse 4:12.
(V.2:248) Narrated Al-Barâ': A man was reciting Sűrat Al-Kahf and his horse was tied with two ropes beside him. A cloud came down and spread over that man, and it kept on coming closer and closer to him till his horse started jumping (as if afraid of something). When it was morning, the man came to the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] and told him of that experience. The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "That was As-Sakînah (tranquillity or peace and reassurance along with angels), which descended because of (the recitation of) the Qur'ân." [Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 6/5011 (O.P.531)].