002 - Soorah al-Baqarah - (The Cow) - [Makkee]
[002.249] Then when Tâlût (Saul) set out with the army, he said: "Verily, Allâh will try you by a river. So, whoever drinks thereof, he is not of me; and whoever tastes it not, he is of me, except him who takes (thereof) in the hollow of his hand." Yet, they drank thereof, all, except a few of them. So when he had crossed it (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: "We have no power this day against Jâlût (Goliath) and his hosts." But those who knew with certainty that they were going to meet Allâh, said: "How often a small group overcame a mighty host by Allâh's Leave?" And Allâh is with As-Sâbirûn (the patient).
[002.250] And when they advanced to meet Jâlût (Goliath) and his forces, they invoked: "Our Lord! Pour forth on us patience, and set firm our feet and make us victorious over the disbelieving people."
[002.251] So they routed them by Allâh's Leave and Dâwûd (David) killed Jâlût (Goliath), and Allâh gave him [Dâwûd (David)] the kingdom [after the death of Talût (Saul) and Samuel] and Al-Hikmah (Prophethood), and taught him of that which He willed. And if Allâh did not check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief. But Allâh is full of bounty to the 'Âlamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists).
[002.252] These are the Verses of Allâh, We recite them to you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) in truth, and surely, you are one of the Messengers (of Allâh).
(V.2:251) See Tafsir At-Tabarî.
A. Narrated Jâbir bin 'Abdullâh [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "I have been given five (things) which were not given to anyone else before me:
a) Allâh made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month's journey.
b) The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to purify (perform Tayammum), therefore, anyone of my followers can pray wherever he is, at the time of prayer.
c) The booty has been made Halâl (lawful) to me yet it was not lawful to anyone else before me.
d) I have been given the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection).
e) Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only, but I have been sent to all mankind." [Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 1/335 (O.P.331)].
B. Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "My similitude in comparison with the other Prophets before me is that of a man who has built a house nicely and beautifully, except for a place of one brick in a corner. The people go round about it and wonder at its beauty, but say: 'Would that this brick be put in its place!' So I am that brick, and I am the last (end) of the Prophets."
[Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 4/3535 (O.P.735)].
C. Narrated Ibn Mas'ûd [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: As if I saw the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] talking about one of the Prophets whose nation had beaten him and caused him to bleed, while he was cleaning the blood off his face and saying, "O Allâh! Forgive my nation, for they have no knowledge." [Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 4/3477 (O.P.683)].
D. Narrated 'Aishah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhaa] and Ibn 'Abbâs [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: On his deathbed, Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] put a sheet over his face and when he felt hot, he would remove it from his face. When in that state (of putting and removing the sheet) he said, "May Allâh's Curse be on the Jews and the Christians for they built places of worship at the graves of their Prophets." (By that) he intended to warn (the Muslims) from what they (i.e., Jews and Christians) had done. [Sahih Bukhâri, 4/3453,3454 (O.P.660)].
E. Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "The Isrâelis used to be ruled and guided by Prophets. Whenever a Prophet died, another would take over his place. There will be no Prophet after me, but there will be caliphs who will increase in number." The people asked, "O Allâh's Messenger! What do you order us (to do)?" He said, "Obey the one who will be given the Bai'ah (pledge) first.* Fulfil their (i.e., the caliphs') rights, for Allâh will ask them about (any shortcomings in) ruling those whom Allâh has put under their guardianship."
[Sahih Al-Bukhâri, 4/3455 (O.P.661)].
* If the Bai'ah (pledge) is given to a caliph and after a while another caliph is given the Bai'ah (pledge) by some members of the society, the common Muslims should abide by the Bai'ah (pledge) given to the first caliph, for the election of the second is invalid.