002 - Soorah al-Baqarah - (The Cow) - [Makkee]
[002.275] Those who eat Rib‚ will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shait‚n (Satan) leading him to insanity. That is because they say: "Trading is only like Rib‚," whereas All‚h has permitted trading and forbidden Rib‚. So, whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord and stops eating Rib‚, shall not be punished for the past; his case is for All‚h (to judge); but whoever returns (to Rib‚), such are the dwellers of the Fire Ė they will abide therein forever.
[002.276] All‚h will destroy Rib‚ and will give increase for Sadaq‚t (deeds of charity, alms). And All‚h likes not the disbelievers, sinners.
[002.277] Truly, those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and perform As-Sal‚t (the prayers), and give Zak‚t (obligatory charity), they will have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
[002.278] O you who believe! Be afraid of All‚h and give up what remains (due to you) from Rib‚ (from now onward), if you are (really) believers.
[002.279] And if you do not do it, then take a notice of war from All‚h and His Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] but if you repent, you shall have your capital sums. Deal not unjustly (by asking more than your capital sums), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly (by receiving less than your capital sums).
[002.280] And if the debtor is in a hard time (has no money), then grant him time till it is easy for him to repay; but if you remit it by way of charity, that is better for you if you did but know.
[002.281] And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to All‚h. Then every person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
(V.2:275) Rib‚: Usury is of two major kinds:
a) Riba An-NasÓ'ah, i.e., interest on lent money;
b) Riba Al-Fadl, i.e., taking a superior thing of the same kind of goods by giving more of the same kind of goods of inferior quality, e.g., dates of superior quality for dates of inferior quality in great amounts.
(V.2:276) Rib‚: See the footnote of (V.2:275)
(V.2:278) a) Narrated 'Aun bin Abu Juhaifah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: My father bought a slave who practised the profession of cupping. (My father broke the slave's instruments of cupping.) I asked my father why he had done so. He replied, "The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] forbade the acceptance of the price of a dog or blood, and also forbade the profession of tattooing, or getting tattooed and receiving or giving Rib‚, and cursed the picture-makers." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 3/2086 (O.P.299)]
b) Narrated Abu Juhaifah that he had bought a slave whose profession was cupping and then said: The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] forbade taking the price of blood and the price of a dog and the earnings of a prostitute, and cursed the one who took or gave Rib‚, and the lady who tattooed others or got herself tattooed, and the picture-maker.
[Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 7/5962 (O.P.845)].
a) Narrated Abu Sa'Ód Al-KhudrÓ [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: Once Bil‚l brought Barni (a kind of) dates to the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] and the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] asked him, "From where have you brought these?" Bil‚l replied, "I had some inferior kind of dates and exchanged two S‚' of it for one S‚' of Barni dates, in order to give it to the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] to eat." Thereupon the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Beware! Beware! This is definitely Rib‚! This is definitely Rib‚! Don't do so, but if you want to buy (a superior kind of dates) sell the inferior kind of dates for money and then, buy the superior kind of dates with that money." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 3/2312 (O.P.506)]
b) Narrated Sumurah bin Jundub [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] very often used to ask his Companions, "Did anyone of you see a dream?" So, dreams would be narrated to him by those whom All‚h willed to relate. One morning the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Last night two persons (angels) came to me (in a dream) and woke me up and said to me, 'Proceed! Proceed!' I set out with them and we came across a man lying down, and behold, another man was standing over his head, holding a big rock. Behold, he was throwing the rock at the man's head, smashing it. The rock rolled away and the thrower followed it and took it back. By the time he reached the man, his head returned to its normal state. The thrower then did the same as he had done before. I said to my two companions, 'Subh‚n All‚h! Who are these two persons?' They said, 'Proceed! Proceed!' So we proceeded and came to a man lying in a prone position, and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of the man's mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back (of the neck), and similarly tear his nose from front to back, and his eye from front to back. Then he turned to the other (second) side of the man's face and did just as he had done with the first side. He hardly completed that (second) side when the first side returned to its normal state. Then he returned to it to repeat what he had done before. I said to my two companions, 'Subh‚n All‚h! Who are these two persons?' They said to me, 'Proceed! Proceed!' So we proceeded and came across something like a Tannur (a kind of baking oven, a pit usually clay-lined for baking bread)." I think the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "In that oven there was much noise and voices." The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] added, "We looked into it and found naked men and women, and behold, a flame of fire was reaching to them from underneath, and when it reached them, they cried loudly. I asked them, 'Who are these?' They said to me, 'Proceed! Proceed!' And so we proceeded and came across a river." I think he said, "-- red like blood." The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] added, "And behold, in the river there was a man swimming, and on the bank there was a man who had collected many stones. Behold, while the other man was swimming, he went near him. The former opened his mouth and the latter (on the bank) threw a stone into his mouth whereupon he went swimming again. Then again he (the former) returned to him (the latter), and every time the former returned, he opened his mouth, and the latter threw a stone into his mouth, (and so on) the performance was repeated. I asked my two companions, 'Who are these two persons?' They replied, 'Proceed! Proceed!' And we proceeded till we came to a man with a repulsive appearance, the most repulsive appearance you ever saw a man having! Beside him there was a fire, and he was kindling it and running around it. I asked my companions, 'Who is this (man)?' They said to me, 'Proceed! Proceed!' So we proceeded till we reached a garden of deep green dense vegetation, having all sorts of spring colours. In the midst of the garden there was a very tall man, and I could hardly see his head because of his great height, and around him there were children in such a large number as I have never seen. I said to my companions, 'Who is this?' They replied, 'Proceed! Proceed!' So we proceeded till we came to a majestic huge garden, greater and better than I have ever seen! My two companions said to me, 'Ascend up' and I ascended up." The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] added, "So we ascended till we reached a city built of gold and silver bricks, and we went to its gate and asked (the gatekeeper) to open the gate, and it was opened and we entered the city and found in it men with one side of their bodies as handsome as the most handsome person you have ever seen, and the other side as ugly as the ugliest person you have ever seen. My two companions ordered those men to throw themselves into the river. Behold, there was a river flowing across (the city), and its water was like milk in whiteness. Those men went and threw themselves in it and then returned to us after the ugliness (of their bodies) had disappeared, and they became in the best shape." The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] further added, "My two companions (angels) said to me, 'This place is the 'Adn Paradise, and that is your place.' I raised up my sight, and behold, there I saw a palace like a white cloud! My two companions said to me, 'That (palace) is your place.' I said to them, 'May All‚h bless you both! Let me enter it.' They replied, 'As for now, you will not enter it, but you shall enter it (one day).' I said to them, 'I have seen many wonders tonight. What does all that mean which I have seen?' They replied, 'We will inform you: As for the first man you came upon whose head was being smashed with the rock, he is the symbol of the one who studies the Qur'‚n, and then neither recites it nor acts on its orders, and sleeps neglecting the enjoined prayers. As for the man you came upon, whose sides of mouth, nostrils and eyes were torn off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells lies that are spread all over the world. And those naked men and women whom you saw in a construction resembling an oven, they are the adulterers-fornicators and the adulteresses-fornicatresses; and the man whom you saw swimming in the river, and was given a stone to swallow, is the eater of Rib‚; and the bad looking man whom you saw near the fire kindling it and going around it, is M‚lik, the gatekeeper of Hell; and the tall man whom you saw in the garden, is Ibr‚hÓm (Abraham), and the children around him are those who die on Al-Fitrah (the Isl‚mic Faith of Monotheism).' " The narrator added: Some Muslims asked the Prophet ,"O All‚h's Messenger! What about the children of Al-MushrikŻn?*" The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] replied, "And also the children of Al-MushrikŻn." The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] added, "My two companions added, 'The men you saw half handsome and half ugly were those persons who had mixed an act that was good with another that was evil, but All‚h forgave them.' " [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 9/7047 (O.P.171)].
* Al-Mushrikun: polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of All‚h and in His Messenger Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] .
(V.2:280) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "A man used to give loans to the people, and used to say to his servant, 'If the debtor is poor, forgive him, so that All‚h may forgive us.' So when he met All‚h (after his death), All‚h forgave him." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 4/3480 (O.P.687)]