004 - Soorah an-Nisaa. - (The Women) - [Madanee]
[004:080] He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]), has indeed obeyed All‚h, but he who turns away, then We have not sent you (O Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]) as a watcher over them.
[004:081] They say: "We are obedient," but when they leave you (Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]), a section of them spends all night in planning other than what you say. But All‚h records their nightly (plots). So turn aside from them (do not punish them), and put your trust in All‚h. And All‚h is Ever All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.
[004:082] Do they not then consider the Qur'‚n carefully? Had it been from other than All‚h, they would surely have found therein many a contradiction.
[004:083] When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people); if only they had referred it to the Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have understood it from them (directly). Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of All‚h upon you, you would have followed Shait‚n (Satan), except a few of you.
[004:084] Then fight (O Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]) in the Cause of All‚h, you are not tasked (held responsible) except for yourself, and incite the believers (to fight along with you), it may be that All‚h will restrain the evil might of the disbelievers. And All‚h is Stronger in might and Stronger in punishing.
[004:085] Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And All‚h is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything.
[004:086] When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, All‚h is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.
(A) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Whoever obeys me, he obeys All‚h; and whoever disobeys me, he disobeys All‚h; and whoever obeys the ruler I appoint, he obeys me; and whoever disobeys him, he disobeys me."
[Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 9/7173 (O.P.251)].
(B) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse." They said, "O All‚h's Messenger! Who will refuse?" He said, "Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it)." [Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 9/7280 (O.P.384)].
(V.4:86) How the Sal‚m (greeting) began.
Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "All‚h created Adam in His Image,* sixty cubits (about 30 metres) in height. When He created him, He said (to him), 'Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring.' Adam (went and) said, 'As-Sal‚mu 'Alaikum (peace be upon you).' They replied, 'As-Sal‚mu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (Peace and All‚h's Mercy be on you).' So they increased 'wa Rahmatullah.' " The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] added, "So, whoever will enter Paradise, will be of the shape and picture of Adam. Since then the creation (of Adam's offspring) (i.e. stature of human beings) is being diminished continuously up to the present time."
[Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 8/6227 (O.P.246)]
* "His Image" means that Adam has been bestowed with life, knowledge, power of hearing, seeing and understanding, but the features of Adam are different from those of All‚h, only the names are the same, e.g., All‚h has life and knowledge and power of understanding, and Adam also has them, but there is no comparison between the Creator and the created thing. As All‚h says in the Qur'‚n: "There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." (V.42:11). All‚h does not eat or sleep, while Adam used to eat and sleep. (For details see Fath Al-B‚ri)