005 - Soorah al-Maa.idah - (The Table spread with Food) - [Madanee]

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[005:006] O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Sal‚t (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. If you are in a state of Jan‚ba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes from the Gh‚'it (toilet), or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse), and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. All‚h does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful.


[005:007] And remember All‚h's Favour to you and His Covenant with which He bound you when you said: "We hear and we obey." And fear All‚h. Verily, All‚h is All-Knower of that which is in the (secrets of your) breasts.


[005:008] O you who believe! Stand out firmly for All‚h as just witnesses; and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety; and fear All‚h. Verily, All‚h is Well-Acquainted with what you do.


[005:009] All‚h has promised those who believe (in the Oneness of All‚h Ė Isl‚mic Monotheism) and do deeds of righteousness, that for them there is forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).




(V.5:6) The superiority of ablution. And Al-Ghurr-ul-MuhajjalŻn (the parts of the body of the Muslims washed in ablution will shine on the Day of Resurrection and the angels will call them by that name) from the traces of ablution.

Narrated Nu'aim Al-Mujmir: Once I went up the roof of the mosque along with Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]. He performed ablution and said, "I heard the Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] saying, 'On the Day of Resurrection, my followers will be called Al-Ghurr-ul-Muhajjalun from the traces of ablution and whoever can increase the area of his radiance* should do so (by performing ablution in the most perfect manner).' "

[Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 1/136 (O.P.138)].

* The Prophet [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] did not increase the area more than what is washed of the body parts while doing ablution as All‚h ordered to be washed in the Qur'‚n. [For details about Wudu (ablution), see Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, (The Book of Ablution)]


(V.5:6) Strike your hands on the earth and then pass the palm of each on the back of the other and then blow off the dust from them and then pass (rub) them on your face: this is called Tayammum.


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