005 - Soorah al-Maa.idah - (The Table spread with Food) - [Madanee]

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[005:042] (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they come to you (O Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]), either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allāh loves those who act justly.

 

[005:043] But how do they come to you for decision while they have the Taurāt (Torah), in which is the (plain) Decision of Allāh; yet even after that, they turn away. For they are not (really) believers.

 

[005:044] Verily, We did send down the Taurāt (Torah) [to Mūsā (Moses)], therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophets, who submitted themselves to Allāh's Will, judged for the Jews. And the rabbis and the priests [also judged for the Jews by the Taurāt (Torah) after those Prophets], for to them was entrusted the protection of Allāh's Book, and they were witnesses thereto. Therefore fear not men but fear Me (O Jews) and sell not My Verses for a miserable price. And whosoever does not judge by what Allāh has revealed, such are the Kāfirūn (i.e. disbelievers – of a lesser degree as they do not act on Allāh's Laws).

 

[005:045] And We ordained therein for them: Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal. But if anyone remits the retaliation by way of charity, it shall be for him an expiation. And whosoever does not judge by that which Allāh has revealed, such are the Zālimūn (polytheists and wrongdoers – of a lesser degree).

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(V.5:44) For different degrees of Kufr (Disbelief) see Appendix 2, "Polytheism and Disbelief".

 

(V.5:45) Narrated 'Abdullāh [radhi-yAllāhu 'anhu]: Allāh's Messenger [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "The blood of a Muslim who confesses that Lā ilaha illallāh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allāh) and that I am the Messenger of Allāh, cannot be shed except in three cases:

1) Life for life in case of intentional murder without right [i.e. in Qisās (Law of Equality in punishment)].

2) A married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse.

3) The one who reverts from Islām (apostates) and leaves the group of Muslims (by innovating heresy, new ideas, new things, in the Islāmic Religion)." (See Fath Al-Bari for details). [Sahih Al-Bukhāri, 9/6878 (O.P.17)]

 

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