005 - Soorah al-Maa.idah - (The Table spread with Food) - [Madanee]
[005:077] Say (O Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray before and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path."
[005:078] Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of DawŻd (David) and 'ős‚ (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed (All‚h and the Messengers) and were ever transgressing beyond bounds.
[005:079] They used not to forbid one another from Al-Munkar (wrong, evildoing, sins, polytheism, disbelief) which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do.
[005:080] You see many of them taking the disbelievers as their Auliy‚' (protectors and helpers). Evil indeed is that which their ownselves have sent forward before them; for that (reason) All‚h's Wrath fell upon them, and in torment they will abide.
[005:081] And had they believed in All‚h, and in the Prophet (Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]) and in what has been revealed to him, never would they have taken them (the disbelievers) as Auliy‚' (protectors and helpers); but many of them are F‚siqŻn (rebellious, disobedient to All‚h).
[005:082] Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-MushrikŻn, and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: "We are Christians." That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud.
(V.5:78) The tale of a leper, a bald man and a blind man:
Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu] that he heard All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] saying, "All‚h willed to test three Isr‚elis who were a leper, a blind man and a bald-headed man. So, He sent them an angel who came to the leper and said, 'What thing do you like most?' He replied, 'Good colour and good skin, for the people have a strong aversion to me.' The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given a good colour and beautiful skin. The angel asked him, 'What kind of property do you like best?' He replied, 'Camels.' So he (i.e., the leper) was given a pregnant she-camel, and the angel said (to him), 'May All‚h bless you in it.' The angel then went to the bald-headed man and said, 'What thing do you like most?' He said, 'I like good hair and wish to be cured of this disease, for the people feel repulsion for me.' The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given good hair. The angel asked (him), 'What kind of property do you like best?' He replied 'Cows.' The angel gave him a pregnant cow and said, 'May All‚h bless you in it.' The angel went to the blind man and asked, 'What thing do you like best?' He said, '(I like) that All‚h may restore my eyesight to me so that I may see the people.' The angel touched his eyes and All‚h gave him back his eyesight. The angel asked him, 'What kind of property do you like best?' He replied, 'Sheep.' The angel gave him a pregnant sheep. Afterwards, all the three pregnant animals gave birth to young ones, and multiplied and brought forth so much that one of the (three) men had a herd of camels filling a valley, and one had a herd of cows filling a valley, and one had a flock of sheep filling a valley. Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a leper, went to the leper and said, 'I am a poor man, who has lost all means of livelihood while on a journey. So none will satisfy my need except All‚h and then you. In the Name of Him Who has given you such nice colour and beautiful skin, and so much property, I ask you to give me a camel so that I may reach my destination.' The man replied, 'I have many obligations (so I cannot give you).' The angel said, 'I think I know you. Were you not a leper to whom the people had a strong aversion? Weren't you a poor man, and then All‚h gave you (all this property).' He replied, '(This is all wrong,) I got this property through inheritance from my forefathers.' The angel said, 'If you are telling a lie then let All‚h make you as you were before.' Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a bald man, went to the bald man and said to him the same as he told the first one, and he too answered the same as the first one did. The angel said, 'If you are telling a lie, then let All‚h make you as you were before.' The angel, disguised in the shape of a blind man, went to the blind man and said, 'I am a poor man and a traveller, whose means of livelihood have been exhausted while on a journey. I have nobody to help me except All‚h, and after Him, you yourself. I ask you in the Name of Him Who has given you back your eyesight to give me a sheep, so that with its help, I may complete my journey.' The man said, 'No doubt, I was blind and All‚h gave me back my eyesight; I was poor and All‚h made me rich; so take anything you wish from my property. By All‚h, I will not stop you for taking anything (you need) of my property which you may take for All‚h's sake.' The angel replied, 'Keep your property with you. You (i.e., three men) have been tested and All‚h is pleased with you and is angry with your two companions."'
[Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 4/3464 (O.P.670)].
(V.5:82) Al-MushrikŻn: idolaters, polytheists, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of All‚h.