009 - Soorah at-Towbah - (The Repentance) - [Madanee]
[009:027] Then after that All‚h will accept the repentance of whom He wills. And All‚h is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[009:028] O you who believe (in All‚h's Oneness and in His Messenger Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam])! Verily, the MushrikŻn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of All‚h, and in the Message of Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]) are Najasun (impure). So let them not come near Al-Masjid Al-Har‚m (at Makkah) after this year; and if you fear poverty, All‚h will enrich you if He wills, out of His bounty. Surely, All‚h is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
[009:029] Fight against those who believe not in All‚h, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which has been forbidden by All‚h and His Messenger (Muhammad [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam]), and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Isl‚m) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
[009:030] And the Jews say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of All‚h, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of All‚h. That is their saying with their mouths, resembling the saying of those who disbelieved aforetime. All‚h's Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!
[009:031] They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides All‚h (by obeying them in things that they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by All‚h), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taur‚t (Torah) and the InjÓl (Gospel)] to worship none but One Il‚h (God Ė All‚h), L‚ il‚ha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Glorified is He (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).
(V.9:28) Their impurity is spiritual and physical: spiritual, because they don't believe in All‚h's Oneness and in His Prophet Muhammad ; and physical, because they lack personal hygiene (filthy as regards urine, stools and blood etc.). And the word Najas is used only for those persons who have spiritual impurity, e.g. Al-MushrikŻn.
a) See the footnote of (V.2:193).
b) Narrated AbŻ Hurairah [radhi-yAll‚hu 'anhu]: All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "The Hour will not be established until you fight against the Jews, and the stone behind which a Jew will be hiding will say, 'O Muslim! There is a Jew hiding behind me, so kill him.' "
[Sahih Al-Bukh‚ri, 4/2926 (O.P. 177)]
c) Jizyah: a tax levied upon the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians, etc.), who are under the protection of a Muslim government.
(V.9:30) A) See the footnote of (V.2:116).
B) See the footnote of (V.4:40) and the footnote (C) of (V.68:42).
(V.9:31) Once while All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] was reciting this Verse, 'Adi bin H‚tim said, "O All‚h's Messenger! They do not worship them (i.e. the rabbis and monks)." All‚h's Messenger [sal-All‚hu 'alayhi wa sallam] said: "They certainly do. [They (i.e. the rabbis and monks) made lawful things as unlawful and unlawful things as lawful, and they (i.e. Jews and Christians) followed them; and by doing so, they really worshipped them]."
(Narrated by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Jarir)