009 - Soorah at-Towbah - (The Repentance) - [Madanee]
[009:112] (The believers whose lives Allâh has purchased are) those who turn to Allâh in repentance (from polytheism and hypocrisy), who worship (Him), who praise (Him), who fast (or go out in Allâh's Cause), who bow down (in prayer), who prostrate themselves (in prayer), who enjoin (on people) Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all what Islam has ordained) and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and who observe the limits set by Allâh (do all that Allâh has ordained and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allâh has forbidden). And give glad tidings to the believers.
[009:113] It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allâh's forgiveness for the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh), even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief).
[009:114] And Ibrâhîm's (Abraham) invoking (of Allâh) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibrâhîm (Abraham)] had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrâhîm (Abraham)] that he (his father) is an enemy of Allâh, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrâhîm (Abraham) was Awwah (one who invokes Allâh with humility, glorifies Him and remembers Him much) and was forbearing. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubî)
[009:115] And Allâh will never lead a people astray after He has guided them until He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid. Verily, Allâh is All-Knower of everything.
[009:116] Verily, Allâh! To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, He gives life and He causes death. And besides Allâh you have neither any Walî (protector or guardian) nor any helper.
[009:117] Allâh has forgiven the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam], the Muhâjirûn (Muslim emigrants who left their homes and came to Al-Madinah) and the Ansâr (Muslims of Al-Madinâh) who followed him (Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) in the time of distress (Tabûk expedition), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is to them full of kindness, Most Merciful.
(V.9:112) Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd: Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e., his mouth, tongue and his private parts)*. I guarantee Paradise for him." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 8/6474 (O.P.481)]
* i.e. whoever protects his tongue from illegal talk, e.g., to tell lies, or backbiting, and his mouth from eating and drinking forbidden illegal things, and his private parts from illegal sexual acts.
(V.9:114) See the footnote of (V.6:74).
(V.9:115) Killing the Khawârij (some people who dissented from the religion and disagreed with the rest of the Muslims), and the Mulhidûn (heretics) after the establishment of firm proof against them.
And the Statement of Allâh [Subhânahu wa Ta'âla]: 'And Allâh will never lead a people astray after He has guided them, until He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid...' (V.9:115) And Ibn 'Umar [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhumaa] used to consider them (the Khawârij and the Mulhidûn) the worst of Allâh's creatures and said, "These people took some Verses that had been revealed concerning the disbelievers and interpreted them as describing the believers."
Narrated 'Abdullâh bin 'Umar [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu] regarding Al-Haruriyah: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "They will go out of Islâm as an arrow darts out of the game's body."
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 9/6932 (O.P.66)]