022 - Soorah al-Hajj - (The Pilgrimage) - [Madanee]
[022:024] And they are guided (in this world) to goodly speech (i.e. Lâ ilâha illallâh, Al-hamdu lillâh, recitation of the Qur'ân) and they are guided to the path of Him (i.e. Allâh's religion of Islâmic Monotheism), Who is Worthy of all praises.
[022:025] Verily, those who disbelieved and hinder (men) from the path of Allâh, and from Al-Masjid Al-Harâm (at Makkah) which We have made (open) to (all) men, the dweller in it and the visitor from the country are equal there [as regards its sanctity and pilgrimage (Hajj and 'Umrah)] – and whoever inclines to evil actions therein or to do wrong (i.e. practise polytheism and leave Islâmic Monotheism), him We shall cause to taste from a painful torment.
[022:026] And (remember) when We showed Ibrâhîm (Abraham) the site of the (Sacred) House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) (saying): "Associate not anything (in worship) with Me, [Lâ ilâha illallâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh) – Islâmic Monotheism], and sanctify My House for those who circumambulate it, and those who stand up (for prayer), and those who bow (submit themselves with humility and obedience to Allâh), and make prostration (in prayer);"
[022:027] And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj).
[022:028] That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade), and mention the Name of Allâh on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice), [at the time of their slaughtering by saying: (Bismillâh, Wallâhu-Akbar, Allâhumma Minka wa Ilaik)]. Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor having a hard time.
[022:029] Then let them complete their prescribed duties (Manâsik of Hajj) and perform their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka'bah at Makkah).
[022:030] That (Manâsik – prescribed duties of Hajj is the obligation that mankind owes to Allâh) and whoever honours the sacred things of Allâh, then that is better for him with his Lord. The cattle are lawful to you, except those (that will be) mentioned to you (as exceptions). So shun the abomination (worshipping) of idol, and shun lying speech (false statements)
a) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Whoever performs Hajj to this House (Ka'bah) and does not approach his wife for sexual relations nor commits sins (while performing Hajj), he will come out as sinless as a newly born child (just delivered by his mother)."
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 3/1819 (O.P.45)]
b) See the footnote of (V.2:196).
(V.22:29) See the footnote of (V.2:128).
(V.22:30) See the footnote of (V.5:32).