022 - Soorah al-Hajj - (The Pilgrimage) - [Madanee]
[022:039] Permission to fight (against disbelievers) is given to those (believers) who are fought against, because they have been wronged; and surely, Allâh is Able to give them (believers) victory –
[022:040] Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said: "Our Lord is Allâh." For had it not been that Allâh checks one set of people by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, wherein the Name of Allâh is mentioned much, would surely have been pulled down. Verily, Allâh will help those who help His (Cause). Truly, Allâh is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
[022:041] Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We give them power in the land, (they) enjoin Iqamat-as-Salât [i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salât (prayers) (the males in mosques)], pay the Zakât (obligatory charity) and they enjoin Al-Ma'rűf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islâm has forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur'ân as the law of their country in all the spheres of life]. And with Allâh rests the end of (all) matters (of creatures).
[022:042] And if they deny you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]), so did deny before them the people of Nűh (Noah), 'Âd and Thaműd (their Prophets).
[022:043] And the people of Ibrâhîm (Abraham) and the people of Lűt (Lot),
[022:044] And the dwellers of Madyan (Midian); and denied was Műsâ (Moses). But I granted respite to the disbelievers for a while, then I seized them, and how (terrible) was My punishment (against their wrongdoing)!
[022:045] And many a township did We destroy while they were given to wrongdoing, so that it lie in ruins (up to this day), and (many) a deserted well and lofty castle!
[022:046] Have they not travelled through the land, and have they hearts wherewith to understand and ears wherewith to hear? Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind.
A) Iqâmat-as-Salât: Performing of Salât (prayers). It means that:
a) Every Muslim, male or female, is obliged to offer his Salât (prayers) regularly five times a day at the specified times; the male in the mosque in congregation and as for the female, it is better to offer them at home. As the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] has said: "Order your children to offer Salât (prayer) at the age of seven and beat them (about it) at the age of ten." The chief (of a family, town, tribe) and the Muslim rulers of a country are held responsible before Allâh in case of non-fulfilment of this obligation by the Muslims under their authority.
b) One must offer the Salât (prayers) as the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] used to offer them with all their rules and regulations, i.e., standing, bowing, prostrating and sitting. As he [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] has said: "Offer your Salât (prayers) the way you see me performing them." [Sahih Al-Bukhârî 9/7246 (O.P.352)] [For the characteristics of the Salât (prayer) of the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] see Sahih Al-Bukhârî, 1/735-737,756,823 and 824 (O.P.702,703,704,723,786 and 787)].
B) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "No Salât (prayer) is heavier (harder) for the hypocrites than the Fajr and the 'Ishâ prayers, but if they knew the reward for these Salât (prayers) at their respective times, they would certainly present themselves (in the mosques) even if they had to crawl." The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] added, "Certainly, I intended (or was about) to order the Mu'âdhdhin (call-maker) to pronounce Iqâmah and order a man to lead the Salât (prayer) and then take a fire flame to burn all those (men along with their houses) who had not yet left their houses for the Salât (prayer) (in the mosques)."
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 1/657 (O.P.626)].