028 - Soorah al-Qasas - (The Narration) - [Makkee]
[028:051] And indeed now We have conveyed the Word (this Qur'ân in which is the news of everything) to them, in order that they may remember (or receive admonition).
[028:052] Those to whom (Jews and Christians) We gave the Scripture [i.e. the Taurât (Torah) and the Injîl (Gospel)] before it, they (i.e., their scholars) believe in it (the Qur'ân).
[028:053] And when it is recited to them, they say: "We believe in it. Verily, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed even before it we have been from those who submit themselves to Allâh in Islâm as Muslims (like 'Abdullâh bin Salâm and Salmân Al-Fârisî).
[028:054] These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient, and repel evil with good, and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them.
[028:055] And when they hear Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), they withdraw from it and say: "To us our deeds, and to you your deeds. Peace be to you. We seek not (the way of) the ignorant."
[028:056] Verily, you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) guide not whom you like, but Allâh guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided.
[028:057] And they say: "If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land." Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary (Makkah), to which are brought fruits of all kinds, a provision from Ourselves, but most of them know not.
[028:058] And how many a town (population) have We destroyed, which was thankless for its means of livelihood (disobeyed Allâh, and His Messengers, by doing evil deeds and crimes)! And those are their dwellings, which have not been inhabited after them except a little. And verily, We have been the inheritor.
[028:059] And never will your Lord destroy the towns (populations) until He sends to their mother town a Messenger reciting to them Our Verses. And never would We destroy the towns unless the people thereof are Zâliműn (polytheists, wrong doers, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, oppressors and tyrants).
(V.28:53) See the footnote of (V.5:66).
a) Narrated Abű Burdah's father: Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Any man who has a slave-girl whom he educates properly, teaches good manners, manumits and marries her, will get a double reward. And if any man of the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians) believes in his own Prophet and then believes in me (Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) too, he will (also) get a double reward. And any slave who fulfils his duty to his master and to his Lord (Allâh), will (also) get a double reward." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 7/5083 (O.P.20)]
b) See the footnote of (V.3:85).
(V.28:56) Narrated Al-Musaiyyab: When Abű Tâlib was on his deathbed, the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] went to him while Abű Jahl was sitting beside him. The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said: "O my uncle! Say: Lâ ilâha illallâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh), an expression with which I will defend your case, before Allâh." Abű Jahl and 'Abdullâh bin Umaiyyah said: "O Abű Tâlib! Will you leave the religion of 'Abdul-Muttalib?" So they kept on saying this to him so that the last statement he said to them (before he died) was: "I am on the religion of 'Abdul-Muttalib." Then the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said: "I will keep on asking for Allâh's forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden to do so." Then the following Verse was revealed: "It is not proper for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allâh's forgiveness for the Mushrikűn (see V.2:105) even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief)." (V.9:113).
The other Verse was also revealed: "Verily, you (O Muhammad ) guide not whom you like, but Allâh guides whom He wills." (V.28:56)
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 5/3884 (O.P.223)]
a) Narrated Ibn 'Abbâs [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: On the day of the conquest of Makkah, Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said: "Allâh has made this town a sanctuary. Its thorny bushes should not be cut, its game should not be chased, and its fallen things should not be picked up except by one who would announce it publicly." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 2/1587 (O.P.657)]
b) See the footnote of (V.2:191).