031 - Soorah Luqmaan - ((Prophet) Luqmân) - [Makkee]
[031:012] And indeed We bestowed upon Luqmân Al-Hikmah (wisdom and religious understanding saying:) "Give thanks to Allâh." And whoever gives thanks, he gives thanks for (the good of) his own self. And whoever is unthankful, then verily, Allâh is All-Rich (Free of all needs), Worthy of all praise.
[031:013] And (remember) when Luqmân said to his son when he was advising him: "O my son! Join not in worship others with Allâh. Verily, joining others in worship with Allâh is a great Zûlm (wrong) indeed.
[031:014] And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years – give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me is the final destination.
[031:015] But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not; but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience. Then to Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do.
[031:016] "O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allâh will bring it forth. Verily, Allâh is Subtle (in bringing out that grain), Well-Acquainted (with its place).
[031:017] "O my son! Aqim-is-Salât (perform prayers), enjoin (on people) Al-Ma'rûf (Islâmic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befalls you. Verily, these are some of the important commandments (ordered by Allâh with no exemption).
[031:018] "And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allâh likes not any arrogant boaster.
[031:019] "And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the braying of the asses."
a) See the footnote (C) of (V.27:59).
b) See the footnote of (V.2:22).
a) See the footnote of (V.17:13).
b) Narrated 'Aishah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhaa]: (that she said), "O Allâh's Messenger! We consider Jihâd as the best deed. Should we not fight in Allâh's Cause?" He said, "The best Jihâd (for women) is Hajj-Mabrur [i.e. Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) which is performed according to the Prophet's Sunnah (legal ways), and is accepted by Allâh]."
[See Sahih Al-Bukhari, 3/1861 (O.P.84) and Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4/2784 (O.P.43)]
(V.31:18): See the footnote of (V.22:9).