042 - Soorah ash-Shooraa - (The Consultation) - [Makkee]

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[042:011] The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.

 

[042:012] To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth. He enlarges provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills). Verily, He is All-Knower of everything.

 

[042:013] He (Allâh) has ordained for you the same religion (Islâmic Monotheism) which He ordained for Nűh (Noah), and that which We have revealed to you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]), and that which We ordained for Ibrâhîm (Abraham), Műsâ (Moses) and 'Îsâ (Jesus) saying you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically) and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikűn is that (Islamic Monotheism) to which you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) call them. Allâh chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides to Himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience.

 

[042:014] And they divided not till after knowledge had come to them, through (selfish) transgression between themselves. And had it not been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord for an appointed term, the matter would have been settled between them. And verily, those who were made to inherit the Scripture [i.e. the Taurât (Torah) and the Injîl (Gospel)] after them (i.e. Jews and Christians), are in grave doubt concerning it (i.e. Allâh's true religion – Islâm or the Qur'ân).

 

[042:015] So to this (religion of Islâm alone and this Qur'ân) then invite (people) (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]), and stand firm (on Islâmic Monotheism) as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say: "I believe in whatsoever Allâh has sent down of the Book [all the holy Books, – this Qur'ân and the Books of the old from the Taurât (Torah), or the Injîl (Gospel) or the Pages of Ibrâhîm (Abraham)] and I am commanded to do justice among you. Allâh is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and for you your deeds. There is no dispute between us and you. Allâh will assemble us (all), and to Him is the final return."

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(V.42:13) See the footnote of (V.3:103).

 

(V.42:13) Mushrikun: Polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, those who worship others along with Allâh or set up rivals or partners to Allâh.

 

(V.42:15) Stand firm (on Islamic Monotheism) [by performing all that is ordained by Allâh (good deeds), and by abstaining from all that is forbidden by Allâh (sins and evil deeds)].

 

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