045 - Soorah al-Jaathiyah - (The Kneeling) - [Makkee]
[045:014] Say (O Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) to the believers to forgive those who (harm them and) hope not for the Days of Allāh (i.e. His Recompense), that He may recompense a people, according to what they have earned (i.e. to punish these disbelievers who harm the believers).
[045:015] Whosoever does a good deed, it is for his own self, and whosoever does evil, it is against (his own self). Then to your Lord you will be made to return.
[045:016] And indeed We gave the Children of Israel the Scripture, and the understanding of the Scripture and its laws, and the Prophethood; and provided them with good things, and preferred them to the 'Ālamīn (mankind and jinn of their time, during that period),
[045:017] And gave them clear proofs in matters [by revealing to them the Taurāt (Torah)]. And they differed not until after the knowledge came to them, through envy among themselves. Verily, your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ.
[045:018] Then We have put you (O Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) on a (plain) way of (Our) commandment [like the one which We commanded Our Messengers before you (i.e. legal ways and laws of Islāmic Monotheism)]. So follow you that (Islāmic Monotheism and its laws), and follow not the desires of those who know not. (Tafsir At-Tabarī)
[045:019] Verily, they can avail you nothing against Allāh (if He wants to punish you). Verily, the Zālimūn (polytheists, wrong doers) are Auliyā' (protectors, helpers) of one another, but Allāh is the Walī (Helper, Protector) of the Muttaqūn (the pious. See V.2:2).
[045:020] This (Qur'ān) is a clear insight and evidence for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who have Faith with certainty.
[045:021] Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe (in the Oneness of Allāh Islāmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, in their present life and after their death? Worst is the judgement that they make.
[045:022] And Allāh has created the heavens and the earth with truth, in order that each person may be recompensed what he has earned, and they will not be wronged.
(V.45:14) The provision of this Verse was abrogated by the Verse of Jihād (holy fighting) (V.9:36) against the polytheists.
a) See the footnote of (V.10:37).
b) See the footnote of (V.3:85).
(V.45:22) See the footnote of (V.15:23).