047 - Soorah Muhammad / al-Qitâl - ((Prophet) Muhammad) / (The Fighting) - [Madanee]
[047:030] Had We willed, We could have shown them to you, and you should have known them by their marks; but surely, you will know them by the tone of their speech! And Allâh knows (all) your deeds.
[047:031] And surely, We shall try you till We test those who strive hard (for the Cause of Allâh) and As-Sâbirûn (the patient), and We shall test your facts (i.e. the one who is a liar, and the one who is truthful).
[047:032] Verily, those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from the path of Allâh (i.e. Islâm), and oppose the Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] (by standing against him and hurting him), after the guidance has been clearly shown to them, they will not harm Allâh in the least, but He will make their deeds fruitless,
[047:033] O you who believe! Obey Allâh, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) and render not vain your deeds.
[047:034] Verily, those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from the path of Allâh (i.e. Islâm); then die while they are disbelievers – Allâh will not forgive them.
[047:035] So, be not weak and ask not for peace (from the enemies of Islâm) while you are having the upper hand. Allâh is with you, and He will never decrease the reward of your good deeds.
[047:036] The life of this world is but play and pastime; but if you believe (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and fear Allâh, and avoid evil, He will grant you your wages, and will not ask you your wealth.
[047:037] If He were to ask you of it, and press you, you would covetously withhold, and He will bring out all your (secret) ill-wills.
[047:038] Behold! You are those who are called to spend in the Cause of Allâh, yet among you are some who are niggardly. And whoever is niggardly, it is only at the expense of his own self. But Allâh is Rich (Free of all needs), and you (mankind) are poor. And if you turn away (from Islâm and the obedience to Allâh), He will exchange you for some other people and they will not be your likes.
(V.47:32) A. Narrated Abû Mûsâ [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "The example of guidance and knowledge (the Qur'ân and the Sunnah) with which Allâh has sent me, is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain water and Allâh benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and irrigating the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits). The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allâh's religion (Islam) and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allâh [Subhânahu wa Ta'âla] has revealed through me (the Prophet ) and learns and then teaches it to others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allâh's Guidance revealed through me (He is like that barren land)." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 1/79 (O.P.79)]
B. Guidance is of two kinds:
a) Guidance of Taufîq and it is totally from Allâh, i.e. Allâh opens one's heart to receive the truth (from disbelief to belief in Islamic Monotheism).
b) Guidance of Irshâd, i.e. through preaching by Allâh's Messengers and pious preachers who preach the truth, i.e. Islamic Monotheism.
(V.47:34) See the footnote of (V.3:85).