053 - Soorah an-Najm - (The Star) - [Makkee]

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In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

[053:001] By the star when it goes down (or vanishes).

 

[053:002] Your companion (Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) has neither gone astray nor has erred.

 

[053:003] Nor does he speak of (his own) desire.

 

[053:004] It is only a Revelation revealed.

 

[053:005] He has been taught (this Qur'ān) by one mighty in power [Jibrāīl (Gabriel)].

 

[053:006] One free from any defect in body and mind then he (Jibrāīl – Gabriel in his real shape as created by Allāh) rose and became stable.

 

[053:007] While he [Jibrāīl (Gabriel)] was in the highest part of the horizon, (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

 

[053:008] Then he [Jibrāīl (Gabriel)] approached and came closer,

 

[053:009] And was at a distance of two bows' length or (even) nearer.

 

[053:010] So (Allāh) revealed to His slave [Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam] through Jibrāīl (Gabriel) ['alayhis-salām]] whatever He revealed.

 

[053:011] The (Prophet's) heart lied not about what he (Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) saw.

 

[053:012] Will you then dispute with him (Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) about what he saw [during the Mi'rāj (Ascent of the Prophet to the seven heavens)].

 

[053:013] And indeed he (Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) saw him [Jibrāīl (Gabriel)] at a second descent (i.e. another time).

 

[053:014] Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (a lote tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven beyond which none can pass).

 

[053:015] Near it is the Paradise of Abode.

 

[053:016] When that covered the lote tree which did cover it!

 

[053:017] The sight (of Prophet Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) turned not aside (right or left), nor it transgressed beyond the limit (ordained for it).

 

[053:018] Indeed he (Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) did see of the Greatest Signs of his Lord (Allāh).

 

[053:019] Have you then considered Al-Lāt, and Al-'Uzzā (two idols of the pagan Arabs)

 

[053:020] And Manāt (another idol of the pagan Arabs), the other third?

 

[053:021] Is it for you the males and for Him the females?

 

[053:022] That indeed is a division most unfair!

 

[053:023] They are but names which you have named – you and your fathers – for which Allāh has sent down no authority. They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire, whereas there has surely come to them the guidance from their Lord!

 

[053:024] Or shall man have what he wishes?

 

[053:025] But to Allāh belongs the last (Hereafter) and the first (the world).

 

[053:026] And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allāh has given leave for whom He wills and is pleased with.

526

 


 

(V.53:12) Al-Mi'rāj [i.e. Ascent of Prophet Muhammad [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam] to the heavens with his body and soul].

Narrated Mālik bin Sa'sa'ah [radhi-yAllāhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "While I was at the house in a state midway between sleep and wakefulness, (an angel recognized me) as the man lying between two men. A golden tray full of wisdom and belief was brought to me and my body was cut open from the throat to the lower part of the abdomen and then my abdomen was washed with Zamzam water and (my heart was) filled with wisdom and belief. Al-Burāq, a white animal smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me and I set out with Jibrāīl (Gabriel). When I reached the nearest heaven, Jibrāīl said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, 'Open the gate.' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' He said, 'Jibrāīl.' The gatekeeper said, 'Who is accompanying you?' Jibrāīl said, 'Muhammad .' The gatekeeper said, 'Has he been called?' Jibrāīl said, 'Yes'. Then it was said, 'He is welcome. What a wonderful visit his is!' Then I met Adam and greeted him and he said, 'You are welcome O son and a Prophet.' Then we ascended to the second heaven. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Jibrāīl said, 'Jibrāīl.' It was said, 'Who is with you?' He said, 'Muhammad .' It was asked, 'Has he been sent for?' He said, 'Yes.' It was said, 'He is welcome. What a wonderful visit his is!' Then I met 'Isā (Jesus) and Yahyā (John) who said, 'You are welcome, O brother and a Prophet.' Then we ascended to the third heaven. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Jibrāīl said, 'Jibrāīl.' It was asked, 'Who is with you?' Jibrāīl said, 'Muhammad .' It was asked, 'Has he been sent for?' Jibrāīl said, 'Yes.' It was said, 'He is welcome. What a wonderful visit his is!' (The Prophet [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam] added:). There I met Yūsuf (Joseph) and greeted him, and he replied, 'You are welcome, O brother and a Prophet!' Then we ascended to the fourth heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met Idrīs and greeted him. He said, 'You are welcome, O brother and Prophet.' Then we ascended to the fifth heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Hārūn (Aaron) who said, 'You are welcome, O brother and a Prophet.' Then we ascended to the sixth heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Mūsā (Moses) who said, 'You are welcome, O brother and a Prophet.' When I proceeded on, he started weeping and on being asked why he was weeping, he said, 'O Lord! followers of this youth, who was sent after me, will enter Paradise in greater number than my followers.' Then we ascended to the seventh heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Ibrāhīm (Abraham) who said, 'You are welcome, O son and a Prophet.' Then I was shown Al-Bait Al-Ma'mūr (i.e. Allāh's House). I asked Jibrāīl about it and he said, 'This is Al-Bait Al-Ma'mūr where 70,000 angels perform prayers daily; and when they leave they never return to it (but always a fresh batch comes into it daily).' Then I was shown Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the lote tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven) and I saw its Nabiq fruits which resembled the clay jugs of Hijar (a town in Arabia), and its leaves were like the ears of elephants, and four rivers originated at its root: two of them were apparent and two were hidden. I asked Jibrāīl about those rivers and he said, 'The two hidden rivers are in Paradise and the apparent ones are the Nile and the Euphrates.' Then fifty prayers were enjoined on me. I descended till I met Mūsā who asked me, 'What have you done?' I said, 'Fifty prayers have been enjoined on me.' He said, 'I know the people better than you, because I had the hardest experience to bring Banī Israel to obedience. Your followers cannot put up with such obligation. So, return to your Lord and request Him (to reduce the number of prayers).' I returned and requested Allāh (for reduction) and He made them forty. I returned and [met Mūsā] and had a similar discussion, and then returned again to Allāh for reduction and He made them thirty, then twenty, then ten; and then I came to Mūsā who repeated the same advice. Ultimately Allāh reduced them to five. When I came to Mūsā again, he said, 'What have you done?' I said, 'Allāh has made them five only.' He repeated the same advice but I said that I surrendered (to Allāh's Final Order)." Allāh's Messenger [sal-Allāhu 'alayhi wa sallam] was addressed by Allāh: "I have decreed My Obligation and have reduced the burden on My slaves, and I shall reward a single good deed as if it were ten good deeds." [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4/3207 (O.P.429)]

 

(V.53:16) It is said that the lote tree was covered with the Light of Allāh along with the angels and also with different kinds of colours. (Please see Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

 

(V.53:19) See the footnote a) of (V.2:219).

 

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