089 - Soorah al-Fajr - (The Break of Day or the Dawn) - [Makkee]
In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
[089:001] By the dawn;
[089:002] By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah),
[089:003] And by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allâh).
[089:004] And by the night when it departs.
[089:005] There are indeed in them (the above oaths) sufficient proofs for men of understanding (and that they should avoid all kinds of sins and disbeliefs)!
[089:006] Saw you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) not how your Lord dealt with 'Âd (people)
[089:007] Of Iram (who were very tall) like (lofty) pillars,
[089:008] The like of which were not created in the land?
[089:009] And (with) Thamûd (people), who hewed out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)?
[089:010] And (with) Fir'aun (Pharaoh) who had the stakes (to torture men by binding them to the stakes)?
[089:011] Who did transgress beyond bounds in the lands (in the disobedience of Allâh).
[089:012] And made therein much mischief.
[089:013] So, your Lord poured on them different kinds of severe torment.
[089:014] Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them).
[089:015] As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and bounties, then he says (in exultation): "My Lord has honoured me."
[089:016] But when He tries him by straitening his means of life, he says: "My Lord has humiliated me!"
[089:017] Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (i.e. you neither treat them well nor give them their exact right of inheritance)!
[089:018] And urge not one another on the feeding of Al-Miskîn (the needy)!
[089:019] And you devour the inheritance all with greed.
[089:020] And you love wealth with much love.
[089:021] Nay! When the earth is ground to powder.
[089:022] And your Lord comes with the angels in rows.
[089:023] And Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance (then) avail him?
(V.89:2) Narrated Ibn 'Abbâs [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah)." Then some Companions of the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Not even Jihâd?" He replied, "Not even Jihâd, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allâh's sake) and does not return with any of those things."
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 2/969 (O.P.86)]
(V.89:3) "Even" and "Odd" is interpreted differently by different religious scholars. Some say: Even is the Day of Slaughtering of the Sacrifices, i.e. 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, and Odd is the Day of 'Arafah (Hajj), i.e. 9th of Dhul-Hijjah. Others say: Even is all the creatures and Odd is Allâh. Some say it is the compulsory congregational prayer, i.e. Maghrib is Witr, and the other four prayers are Shaf'.
(V.89:9) "And you hew out in the mountains, houses with great skill." (V. 26:149)