089 - Soorah al-Fajr - (The Break of Day or the Dawn) - [Makkee]

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In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

[089:001] By the dawn;

 

[089:002] By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah),

 

[089:003] And by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allâh).

 

[089:004] And by the night when it departs.

 

[089:005] There are indeed in them (the above oaths) sufficient proofs for men of understanding (and that they should avoid all kinds of sins and disbeliefs)!

 

[089:006] Saw you (O Muhammad [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam]) not how your Lord dealt with 'Âd (people)

 

[089:007] Of Iram (who were very tall) like (lofty) pillars,

 

[089:008] The like of which were not created in the land?

 

[089:009] And (with) Thamûd (people), who hewed out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)?

 

[089:010] And (with) Fir'aun (Pharaoh) who had the stakes (to torture men by binding them to the stakes)?

 

[089:011] Who did transgress beyond bounds in the lands (in the disobedience of Allâh).

 

[089:012] And made therein much mischief.

 

[089:013] So, your Lord poured on them different kinds of severe torment.

 

[089:014] Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them).

 

[089:015] As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and bounties, then he says (in exultation): "My Lord has honoured me."

 

[089:016] But when He tries him by straitening his means of life, he says: "My Lord has humiliated me!"

 

[089:017] Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (i.e. you neither treat them well nor give them their exact right of inheritance)!

 

[089:018] And urge not one another on the feeding of Al-Miskîn (the needy)!

 

[089:019] And you devour the inheritance – all with greed.

 

[089:020] And you love wealth with much love.

 

[089:021] Nay! When the earth is ground to powder.

 

[089:022] And your Lord comes with the angels in rows.

 

[089:023] And Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance (then) avail him?

593

 


 

(V.89:2) Narrated Ibn 'Abbâs [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah)." Then some Companions of the Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "Not even Jihâd?" He replied, "Not even Jihâd, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allâh's sake) and does not return with any of those things."

[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 2/969 (O.P.86)]

 

(V.89:3) "Even" and "Odd" is interpreted differently by different religious scholars. Some say: Even is the Day of Slaughtering of the Sacrifices, i.e. 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, and Odd is the Day of 'Arafah (Hajj), i.e. 9th of Dhul-Hijjah. Others say: Even is all the creatures and Odd is Allâh. Some say it is the compulsory congregational prayer, i.e. Maghrib is Witr, and the other four prayers are Shaf'.

 

(V.89:9) "And you hew out in the mountains, houses with great skill." (V. 26:149)

 

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