114 - Soorah an-Naas - (Mankind) - [Makkee]
In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
[114:001] Say: "I seek refuge with (Allâh) the Lord of mankind,
[114:002] The King of mankind –
[114:003] The Ilâh (God) of mankind,
[114:004] From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one remembers Allâh).
[114:005] Who whispers in the breasts of mankind.
[114:006] Of jinn and men."
(V.114:1) Narrated Aishah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhaa]: Whenever Allah's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] went to bed, he used to recite Surat Al-Ikhlâs (112), Surat Al-Falaq (113) and Surat An-Nâs (114), and then blow on his palms and pass them over his face and those parts of his body that his hands could reach. And when he fell ill, he used to order me to do like that for him. [Sahih Al-Bukhari 7/5748 (O.P.644)]
(V.114:2) The Statement of Allâh [Subhânahu wa Ta'âla]: 'The King of mankind.'
Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: The Prophet [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "On the Day of Resurrection Allâh will grasp the whole (planet of) earth (by His Hand) and shall roll up the heaven with His Right Hand and say, 'I am the King. Where are the kings of the earth?"' [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 9/7382 (O.P.479)]
(V.114:4) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllâhu 'anhu]: Allâh's Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] said, "The (Hell) Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked undesirable things."*
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 8/6487 (O.P.494)]
* Inordinate desires and animalistic passions lead to the Fire while self-control, perseverance, chastity and all other virtues, and the obedience to Allâh and His Messenger [sal-Allâhu 'alayhi wa sallam] lead to Paradise. What leads to Hell is easy to do while what leads to Paradise is difficult to do.
The word Tâghût covers a wide range of meanings: It means anything i.e., all the false deities worshipped other than the Real God (Allâh). It may be Satan, devils, idols, stones, sun, stars, angels human beings, who were falsely worshipped and taken as Tâghût. Likewise saints, graves, rulers, leaders, are falsely worshipped, and wrongly followed.
See the Glossary.
See the Glossary.
"Before his death," has two interpretations: before Jesus' death after his descent from the heavens, or a Jew's or a Christian's death, at the time of the appearance of the Angel of Death when he will realize that Jesus was only a Messenger of Allâh, and had no share in Divinity.
Rûh -- See the Glossary