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Aqeedah Tahawiyyah : Lesson 05
*** He is the Independent Sustainer of everything, who does not sleep.*
The Explanation – Point 
(So the word) ?????? (Al-Qayyoom – The Independent Sustainer of everything) is: the One who independently exists by Himself and the One who sustains everything; the One who independently exists and has no need of anything; the One who is independent of everything and the One who sustains everything else.* Everything else is in a state of poverty and need of Him and needs to be sustained by Him, He the Perfect and Most High.* So if it were not that Allaah sustains the heavens and the earth and all of the creation then they would all be destroyed and pass away.* But however, Allaah sustains them and guards them and provides for them – giving them whatever would benefit them.
So the whole of the creation is in need of Him.
Indeed Allaah holds the heavens and the earth so that they do not move away from their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is no one that could hold them after Him.
(Sooratul-Faatir (35), aayah 41)
*End of explanation of point **
 Translator’s side point: From the explanation of Ibn Abil-`Izz rahimahullaah, he says with regards to these two Names – Al-Hayy (that Allaah is Ever-living) and Al-Qayyoom (that Allaah is the Independent One who sustains everything):
So these two Names, all of the rest of Allaah’s Perfect Names return back and pivot around these two.* And all the meanings of the other Names refer back to these two.* Because the first, Al-Hayaat – the attribute of life, it necessitates for Him all the attributes of perfection; so no attribute will be missing from His attribute of life except due to weakness in that life.* So since the Life of Allaah, the Most High, is the most perfect and complete life, then affirming it means affirmation of every attribute of perfection for Him.* As for the name Al-Qayyoom, then this includes the perfection of Allaah’s Independence and the perfection of His Power since He is the One who independently exists and has no need of anyone else in any sense; and He is the one Who supports and sustains everything else; and there is no establishment for anything except if He establishes it.* So these two Names gather completely the rest of the Names.
At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At–Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, on 20th September 2004
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank*[Audio|En]
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