In the Name of All?h, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy
The definition of a messenger, linguistically, is one who was sent with a message. Islamically, a messenger is a man from the children of ?dam who All?h has sent down revelation to regarding His legislation. The responsibilities of a messenger as found in the Qur??n and authentic Sunnah are:
1) That he is a witness for and against the creation. He is a witness for them in that which they actualize of his Sunnah and the legislation of All?h which he came with. He is a witness against them in that which they dont actualize and what they abandon of his Sunnah and the legislation of All?h.
2 )To give glad tidings and warnings. The glad tidings of Paradise are given to the obedient and the warnings which are reminders of the punishments are given to the disobedient.
3) To judge between the people and resolve their disputes.
4) To educate the people about the legislation of All?h.
Shaykh ?Ubayd al-J?bir?
Source: It??f al-?Uq?l bi-Shar? Thal?that al-Us?l. Pg. 29.
Translated by: Mun?b al-?um?l?
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