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Old 12May2011, 05:14 AM   #1
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Shaykh Zayd al-Madkhalī (1), may Allāh protect him, said:
It is incumbent to fast during the month of Ramaḍān. This has certainly been established by way of the Quran, by way of the Sunnah and by way of al-Ijmā’ (Scholarly Consensus) (2)/(3).
Allāh, the Most High, says in the Qurān:
O you who believe, fasting has been made incumbent upon you, just as it was made incumbent upon those before you. [It has been made incumbent upon you] so that you will become righteous. [Sūrah al-Baqarah (2): 183]
He, The Most High, also says: “…Whoever from amongst you sights the crescent (4), he must fast.” [Sūrah al-Baqarah (2): 185]
As for the Sunnah, The Messenger of Allāh, prayers and peace upon him, said: “The religion of Islām has been built upon five [pillars];” and from those pillars he mentioned: “fasting during the month of Ramaḍān.” (5) [al-Bukhārī and Muslim]
Also, the entire Islamic nation, as a whole, has agreed that fasting during the month of Ramaḍān is obligatory. No one disagrees with this, nor do they have any doubt it or hesitance. In fact, knowledge that fasting during the month of Ramaḍān is obligatory is a fact about the religion that [no one from] the Islamic nation is oblivious of…(6)
Translated by
Abū Ādam Jamīl Finch
Umm al-Qurā University
Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
9th of Jumādā al-Akīrah / May 12, 2011
(1) Dr. Rabī’ b. Hadī al-Madkhalī, may Allāh preserve him, said about Shaykh Zayd: “…Distiguished, intelligent and righteous…” al-Afnān al-Nadiyyah, 1/20
(2) al-Ijmā’ (Scholarly Consensus): The agreement of all the Islamic scholars of any particular period after the death of the Messenger of Allāh, prayers and peace upon him. See al-Tasīs fī Usūl al-Fiqh, Muṣṭafā b. Muḥammad, 186
(3) [TN]: al-Ijmā’ (Scholarly Consensus) is a recognized and legitimate source of Islamic legislation, just as the Qurān and the Sunnah are recognized sources. The Messenger of Allāh, prayers and peace upon him, said: “Indeed, Allāh will not unite my nation upon misguidance.” [Authentic]:al-Albānī, Sunan at-Tirmithī, #2167]
(4) [TN]: Indicating the first night of Ramaḍān
(5) [TN]: Summarized
(6) Zayd al-Madkhalī, al-Afnān al-Nadiyyah, 3/148-149 – [Summarized]
Abu Qilaabah (d.140H) Rahimahullah said:
“Do not sit with the people of innovation, because I do not feel secure that they will not drown you in their misguidance and make part of what you used to know, unclear to you!!!”
(Bayhaqee in Al-I’tiqaad; Abdullah ibn Ahmed in As-Sunnah).
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