25Oct2011, 10:40 PM
The Statements of the Imaams of Ahlus-Sunnah concerning the Rulers and Khurooj
Found on islam.tt:
by IslamTees research
1. Al-Hasan Al-Basri (d. 110H)
"If people called on Allah when put to trial because of their rulers, Allah would relieve their suffering; but instead they resorted to the sword, so they were left to it. And not one day of good did they bring.
Then he recited (Quran 7: 137):
And the good word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, for the patience and perseverance they had, and We destroyed the works of Pharaoh and his people and what they had erected."
Ibn Abi Hatim, Al-Tafsir no. 8897
2. Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241H)
"And whoever revolts against a leader from among the leaders of the Muslims, after the people had agreed upon him and united themselves behind him, after they had affirmed the khilaafah for him, in whatever way this khilaafah may have been, by their pleasure and acceptance or by (his) force and domination [over them], then this revolter has disobeyed the Muslims, and has contradicted the narrations of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). And if the one who revolted against the ruler died he would have died the death of ignorance.
And the killing of the one in power is not lawful, and nor is it permissible for anyone amongst the people to revolt against him. Whoever does that is an innovator, (and is) upon other than the Sunnah and the [correct] path."
Usoolus-Sunnah (Foundations of the Sunnah) points 53-54
3. Imaam al-Bukhari (d.256H)
"And that we do not contend with or attempt to take away the command from those assigned with it (i.e., the rulers) due to the saying of the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), "There are three things towards which the heart of a Muslim never shows hatred or rancour: making ones action sincerely for the sake of Allaah, giving obedience to the rulers (wulaatul-amr) and sticking to their group (jamaa'ah). For verily, their supplication encompasses those who are behind them (i.e., those whom they rule over)." Then this is confirmed in His saying:
O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger, and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority.
[Soorah an-Nisaa (4):59]
And that the sword is not to be raised against (any of) of the Ummah of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).
And al-Fudayl said, "If I had a supplication that would be answered, I would not make it except for the leader (Imaam) because when the leader becomes righteous, the towns and the servants become safe and secure."
Ibn al-Mubaarak said (in reference to the above saying of al-Fudayl), "O teacher of goodness, who would show boldness towards this besides you?"
Al-Laalikaa'ee in Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah (2/172), from the book The 'Aqeedah of Imaam al-Bukhari, Translated by Abu 'Iyaad Amjad ibn Muhammad Rafiq and Abu Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank
4. Imaam at-Tahawi (d.321H)
And we do not hold rebelling against our rulers and those in authority over our affairs. Even if they oppress. And we do not make supplication against them. And we do not take our hand away from obedience to them. And we hold that obedience to them is a part of obedience to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, an obligation as long as they do not command with something sinful. And we make supplication for them that they be rectified and kept safe and secure. And we follow the Sunnah and the jamaa’ah (the united body upon the truth) and we avoid separation and differing and splitting.
Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah of Imaam Abu Jafar at-Tahawi, Points 157 - 163
And Ibn Abil-Izz al-Hanafi (d.731H) said in his explanation of Aqidah at-Tahawiyyah:
"And as for adhering to obedience to them (the Rulers), even if they commit oppression, then this is because the evils and harms that arise on account of rebelling against them is numerous times more than that which occurs as a result of the oppression of the Rulers themselves. Rather, in having patience over their oppression there is expiation of sins, and a multiplication of the reward.
For Allaah did not empower them over us, except due to the corruption in our actions, and the recompense for an action is its like (al-jazaa'u min jins il-'amal). Hence, it is upon us to strive (ijtihaad) in seeking forgiveness, making repentance and rectification of our actions."
Sharh Aqidah at-Tahawiyyah (1/430)
5. Imaam al-Barbaaharee (d.329H)
"Whoever rebels against a Muslim ruler is one of the Khawaarij, has caused dissent within the Muslims and has contradicted the narrations and dies a death of the days of ignorance (Jaahiliyyah).
It is neither permissible to fight the ruler or to rebel against him, even if he oppresses. This is due to the saying of the Messenger of Allah to Abu Dharr al-Ghifaaree, "Have patience, even if he is an Abyssinian slave" and his saying to the Ansaar, "Have patience until you meet me at the Pool." There is no fighting against the ruler in the Sunnah. It causes destruction of the religion and the worldly affairs."
Kitaab Sharh us-Sunnah (Explanation of the Creed) points 33-34
...to be continued...