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Whoever believes that there is some guidance better than the guidance of the Prophet ? Shaykh ?Abdul-Azeez Ar-Raajihee
THE FOURTH NULLIFIER
Fourth: Whoever believes that some guidance other than that of the Prophet’s (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is more complete than his guidance and that someone else’s judgement is better than his judgement, such as the one who prefers the judgement of the Tawaagheet (pl. of Taaghoot; false deities/religions) over his judgement, then he is a disbeliever.
? explanation ?
Whoever believes that there is some guidance better than the guidance of the Prophet, such as by saying: “The way of the philosophers, the Sabians and the Sufis is better than the way of Muhammad” or “There is guidance in this way” or “It is like the guidance of the Prophet.” Such a person that says this is a disbeliever. This is because there is no guidance that is better than the guidance of Allaah’s Messenger, since he does not speak from his desire rather it is only revelation that has been sent down to him. So whoever says that there is a guidance better than the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah or similar to it, such as by him practicing or seeking a way towards Allaah through the philosophical or Sabian or Sufi way, then such a person is a disbeliever, an apostate.
Likewise, when someone believes that there is a judgement that is better than the judgement of the Prophet, such as when one believes that ruling by man made laws is better than ruling by the Sharee’ah (Divine Legislation), this person is an apostate according to the unanimous agreement of the Muslims.
The same goes for if one believes that ruling by man made laws is similar to ruling by the Sharee’ah, as he also commits disbelief.
Similarly, if he believes that ruling by the Sharee’ah is better than ruling by man made laws, however it is permissible to rule by man made laws, such as by him saying: “People have free choice – it is permissible for one to rule by man made laws and it is permissible for him to rule by the Sharee’ah, however the Sharee’ah is better”, then such a person has committed disbelief according to the consensus of the Muslims. People do not have free choice in this matter. And this person has rejected something that is known from the Religion by necessity.So ruling by the Sharee’ah is an obligation upon everyone. But yet this person is saying: “It is not obligatory, it is permissible for people to rule by man-made laws.” Such a person is a disbeliever, even if he says: “The Divine Laws (Sharee’ah) are better.”
So based on this,
There is a fourth situation, which is when one rules by man-made laws or by a man made law in one issue or in one judicial affair, but yet he believes that judging by the Sharee’ah is obligatory and that it is not permissible to judge by man-made laws and that it is not permissible to rule by other than what Allaah has revealed, and he believes that he is doing wrong and that he deserves to be punished. However his inner whims, desires and devil have overtaken him and so he rules by other than what Allaah has revealed. He rules by other than what Allaah has revealed on an individual so that he can benefit the person he is judging or cause him harm. So he benefits the one he is judging because he is his friend or his relative or his neighbor. Or he causes harm to the one he is judging because he is an enemy to him, but yet he knows that ruling by what Allaah has revealed is an obligation and that he has committed a sin. Such a person has committed minor disbelief and he does not leave from the fold of Islaam.
Therefore, ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed occurs in four situations. Three of these cases result in a person committing major disbelief and the fourth one results in a person committing minor disbelief.
Issue: The Ruling on removing all of the Sharee’ah and Ruling by Man-Made laws.
If a person establishes all of the man-made laws and removes the Sharee’ah in its entirety, changing it completely around, this is considered changing the Religion. A group amongst the scholars have taken the view that such a person that does this has disbelieved because he has changed the Religion of Allaah. This is the verdict that was given by Shaikh Muhammad bin Ibraaheem, may Allaah have mercy on him, the former Muftee of the lands of Saudi Arabia. He said: “This is changing the Religion completely around – it is not in one issue only but rather it is changing all of the laws. So it means removing the Sharee’ah in its entirety and replacing it with man-made laws in every small or large affair.” Furthermore, our teacher, Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz, may Allaah grant him success, held the view that even though he changes the Religion, he must believe that it is permissible to rule by man-made laws so that the proof can be established against him. So therefore this is the fifth situation, which is when someone changes the Religion.
There is also a sixth situation, which is when the religious judge expends his efforts and strives hard to gain knowledge of a religious ruling, but he errs and rules by other than what Allaah has revealed. This is an error. So this person is not a disbeliever nor is he a sinner. Rather, he is a Mujtahid who has one reward based on the statement of the Prophet: “When the judge issues a verdict, making Ijtihaad (exerting himself) and is correct, he gets two rewards. And if he makes Ijtihaad and errs he gets one reward.”*So this error of his is pardonable and he gets one reward for his Ijtihaad. And if he exerts his efforts and attains the truth, then he gets two rewards – one reward for the Ijtihaad and one reward for attaining the truth.
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